ISRAEL AND OPINIONS
controversial issue in politics during the past years and decades has been the
state of Israel. It
has been in the media and in the headlines probably more than any other subject
over the last decades and often in a negative way. It
is probably due to the fact that this country has continuously been a target of
attacks from inside and outside. It has survived three large wars and numerous
suicide attacks, all of which sustained the interest of the media. It
has divided people strictly into two groups:
those for it and those against it (the majority). The leading antagonists are
followers of Islam, and atheists. Muslims refuse to recognise the existence of
Israel and are determined to destroy it. Muslims and atheists also represent
the greatest spiritual enemies of Christianity and the gospel about Christ.
Next we are going to study this
interesting and controversial topic. We will study it in particular in the
light of the Bible, which has a message for us modern people. We will start
with history in order to get a deeper understanding of the subject.
should note that the names Israel and
Jerusalem have a long history. It is
not a question of a couple of decades or a century; these names were known and
used more than 3,000 years ago. The Bible – the last books of which were
written around 2,000 years ago – repeatedly refers to both places. Jerusalem is
mentioned in the Bible around a thousand times, which means that it was a
central place already at that time (The holy book of the Muslims, the Koran,
does not mention it even once.) Furthermore, the Bible refers to the states of Israel and Judea, which were ruled by David and other kings for centuries. The
name Israel is mentioned in the Bible
more than 2,000 times.
This means that the roots of the
Jews are deeply planted in Israel and Jerusalem. The following verses include a
description of Jerusalem written during the times of the New Testament. They
refer to the city, the centre of Jewish spiritual life, the city of the Great
King in which Jesus walked and in which the Apostles were filled with the Holy
Spirit. The city that was the heart of Israel past is controversial even now.
- (Matt 2:1,2) Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days
of Herod the king, behold, there came
wise men from the east to Jerusalem,
2 Saying, Where is he that is born King of the Jews? for we have seen
his star in the east, and are come to worship him.
- (Matt 5:34,35) But I say to you, Swear not
at all; neither by heaven; for it is God's throne:
35 Nor by the earth; for it is
neither by Jerusalem; for it is the city
of the great King.
- (Matt 21:10,11) And when he was come into Jerusalem, all the city was
moved, saying, Who is this?
11 And the multitude said, This is Jesus the prophet of Nazareth of
- (Mark 1:3-5) The voice of one crying in the
wilderness, Prepare you the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.
4 John did baptize in the
wilderness, and preach the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins.
5 And there went out to him all the land of Judaea, and they of
Jerusalem, and were all baptized of him in the river of Jordan, confessing
- (Luke 17:11-13) And it came to
pass, as he went to Jerusalem, that he passed through the middle of Samaria and
12 And as he entered into a
certain village, there met him ten men that were lepers, which stood afar off:
13 And they lifted up their
voices, and said, Jesus, Master, have mercy on us.
14And when he saw
them, he said to them, Go show yourselves to the priests. And
it came to pass, that, as they went, they were cleansed.
- (Luke 24:18,19) And the one of them, whose
name was Cleopas, answering said to him, Are
you only a stranger in Jerusalem, and have not known the things which are come
to pass there in these days?
19And he said to
them, What things? And they said to him, Concerning
Jesus of Nazareth, which was a prophet mighty in deed and word before God and
all the people:
- (Luke 24:46-48) And said to them, Thus it is
written, and thus it behooved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the
repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all
nations, beginning at Jerusalem.
48 And you are witnesses of
- (John 2:23-25) Now when he was in Jerusalem at the passover, in the feast
day, many believed in his name, when
they saw the miracles which he did.
24 But Jesus did not commit
himself to them, because he knew all men,
25 And needed not that any should testify of
man: for he knew what was in man.
- (John 10:22-26) And it was at
Jerusalem the feast of the dedication, and it was winter.
23 And Jesus walked in the
temple in Solomon's porch.
24Then came the
Jews round about him, and said to him, How long do you make us to doubt? If
you be the Christ, tell us plainly.
them, I told you, and you believed not: the works that I do in my
Father's name, they bear witness of me.
26 But you believe not, because
you are not of my sheep, as I said to you.
- (John 12:12,13) On the next day much people that were come to the feast,
when they heard that Jesus was coming
13Took branches of
palm trees, and went forth to meet him, and cried, Hosanna:
Blessed is the King of Israel that
comes in the name of the Lord.
- (Acts 1:4-8) And, being assembled together
with them, commanded them that they
should not depart from Jerusalem, but wait for the promise of the Father,
which, said he, you have heard of me.
5 For John truly baptized with
water; but you shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence.
6 When they therefore were come
together, they asked of him, saying, Lord,
will you at this time restore again the kingdom to Israel?
7And he said to them, It is not for you
to know the times or the seasons, which the Father has put in his own power.
8But you shall
receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come on you: and you shall be witnesses to me both in Jerusalem, and in
all Judaea, and in Samaria, and to the uttermost part of the earth.
- (Acts 2:14-18) But Peter, standing up with
the eleven, lifted up his voice, and said to them, You men of Judaea, and all you that dwell at Jerusalem, be this
known to you, and listen to my words:
15 For these are not drunken, as
you suppose, seeing it is but the third hour of the day.
16 But this is that which was
spoken by the prophet Joel;
17And it shall
come to pass in the last days, said God, I will pour out of my Spirit on all
your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see
visions, and your old men shall dream dreams:
18 And on my servants and on my
handmaidens I will pour out in those days of my Spirit; and they shall
- (Acts 5:15,16) So that they brought forth
the sick into the streets, and laid them on beds and couches, that at the least
the shadow of Peter passing by might overshadow some of them.
16 There came also a multitude out of the
cities round about to Jerusalem, bringing sick folks, and them which
were vexed with unclean spirits:
and they were healed every one.
- (Acts 8:26-29) And the angel of the Lord spoke to Philip, saying, Arise, and go toward the south to the way that
goes down from Jerusalem to Gaza, which is desert.
27 And he arose
and went: and,
behold, a man of Ethiopia, an eunuch of great authority under Candace queen of
the Ethiopians, who had the charge of all her treasure, and had come to
Jerusalem for to worship,
28 Was returning, and sitting in
his chariot read Esaias the prophet.
29 Then the Spirit said to
Philip, Go near, and join yourself to this chariot.
- (Acts 20:16) For Paul had determined to sail by Ephesus, because he
would not spend the time in Asia: for
he hurried, if it were possible for him, to be at Jerusalem the day of
- (Rom 15:18,19) For I will not dare to speak
of any of those things which Christ has not worked by me, to make the Gentiles
obedient, by word and deed,
signs and wonders, by the power of
the Spirit of God; so that from Jerusalem, and round about to Illyricum, I have
fully preached the gospel of Christ.
DEBT OF SIN AND BANISHMENT. We can read in the Bible that
God promised the land to Abraham. He who ”has
determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation”
(Acts 17:26) gave Abraham a promise of an area of land between Egypt and the
Euphrates. The same promise was later confirmed to Isaac, Jacob and their
descendants. This small area of land that God called His land (Joel 3:1,2), the
place of the predicted end of the world and a large battlefield, this small
piece of land was given to the descendants of Abraham as their eternal
The promise to Abraham:
- (Gen 13:14,15) And the LORD said to Abram, after that Lot was separated from him, Lift up now your
eyes, and look from the place where you are northward, and southward, and
eastward, and westward:
15For all the
land which you see, to you will I give it, and to your seed for ever.
The promise was confirmed to Isaac:
- (Gen 26:3,4) Sojourn in this land, and I
will be with you, and will bless you; for to you, and to your seed, I will
give all these countries, and I will perform the oath which I swore to Abraham
4 And I will make your seed to
multiply as the stars of heaven, and will give to your seed all these
countries; and in your seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed;
The promise was confirmed to Jacob:
- (Gen 35:9-13) And God appeared to Jacob
again, when he came out of Padanaram, and
10And God said to
him, Your name is Jacob: your name shall not
be called any more Jacob, but Israel shall be your name: and he
called his name Israel.
11And God said to
him, I am God Almighty:
be fruitful and multiply; a nation
and a company of nations shall be of you, and kings shall come out of your
12And the land
which I gave Abraham and Isaac, to you I will give it, and to your seed after
you will I give the land.
13 And God went up from him in
the place where he talked with him.
- (1 Chron 16:15-18) Be you mindful always of
his covenant; the word which he commanded to a thousand generations;
16 Even of the covenant which
he made with Abraham, and of his oath to Isaac;
17 And has confirmed the same
to Jacob for a law, and to Israel for an everlasting covenant,
18 Saying, To you will I give
the land of Canaan, the lot of your inheritance;
Even though the
land was promised to the descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, meaning the
Jews, and even though they inhabited the land at the times of Jesus, it is a
known fact that they were forced to leave. It is known that
Jerusalem and its temple were destroyed in 70 A.D. It came true when Titus, who later became the emperor of Rome,
marched to Jerusalem with his troops, laid siege on the city, and forced it to
surrender under the threat of starvation. Finally, the city was
burned, the beautiful temple built by Herod destroyed, approximately 1.1
million people killed and 100,000 people taken prisoner. The mass destruction
of Jerusalem and its inhabitants is still considered one of the worst in
historian Josephus describes the demise of the city:
No visitor who had
seen the old Judea and the beautiful suburbs of its capital and who saw this
destruction could hold his tears and not mourn the terrible change. The
war had changed all the beautiful things into a desert. Nobody who knew these
places from the earlier times could any longer recognize them. (1)
What was the reason why Jerusalem and its temple were destroyed and the
people were forced to leave?
The answer is simple: the debt of
sin. The devastation Israel experienced did not take place by accident; the
starting point of everything was that the sinful acts and evil attitudes of the
people had exceeded God’s fixed limit; that’s what sparked the disaster. The
people had heaped sin upon sin for decades and centuries and behaved more
wickedly than their fathers (Jer 16:12: And you have done worse than your fathers; for,
behold, you walk every one after the imagination of his evil heart, that they
may not listen to me:). Finally, God's patience ran out
and he took away his protection from the nation of Israel. The historian Josephus described the sinfulness of that
generation and their atheism, and explained why they were met by the
It was destiny
that ordered devastation like this. Inevitably it came,
both for the living and the lifeless, also places. However,
one cannot help but to wonder the accuracy of data, how it has been
destruction took place on the same day of the same month (…) as the Babylonians
earlier burnt the holy room. (2)
I presume that if
the Roman attack against these rascals had been delayed, the earth would have
opened and swallowed this city, or a drowning flood would have come, or it
would have been destroyed by the fire and burning sulphur of a thunderstorm as
the country of Sodom was destroyed. This generation was much more atheistic than those who were destroyed
before in the punishment of Sodom; and then, the whole nation was also
destroyed for the sake of their absurdity. (3)
The Bible also
shows us that these things had been prophesied and people had been warned about
them. There was the warning given by
Moses, and there was Daniel's prophecy that Jerusalem and its temple would be
destroyed, as well as Jesus’ prophecy about the same thing. He told how
"your house is left to you desolate”, about the city being sieged and
about people being dispersed among others. These have all come true and show
that the Bible is true.
- (Lev 26:38,39,43) And you shall perish among the heathen, and the land of your enemies shall eat you up.
39 And they that
are left of you shall pine away in
their iniquity in your enemies’ lands; and also in the iniquities of their fathers shall they pine away
43 The land also
shall be left of them, and shall enjoy her sabbaths, while she lies desolate
and they shall
accept of the punishment of their iniquity: because, even
because they despised my judgments, and because their soul abhorred my statutes.
- (Dan 9:25,26) Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of
the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem to the Messiah the
Prince shall be seven weeks, and three score and two weeks:
the street shall be
built again, and the wall, even in troublous times.
26 And after three
score and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall
come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof
shall be with a flood, and to the end of the war desolations are determined.
- (Matt 23:37,38) O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, you that kill the prophets, and stone them which are sent
to you, how often would I have gathered your children together, even as a hen
gathers her chickens under her wings, and you would not!
38 Behold, your house is left to you
- (Luke 19:41-44) And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and wept over it,
42 Saying, If you had known,
even you, at least in this your day, the things which belong to your peace! but
now they are hid from your eyes.
43 For the days shall come on you, that
your enemies shall cast a trench about you, and compass you round, and keep you
in on every side,
44 And shall lay
you even with the ground, and your children within you; and they shall not
leave in you one stone on another; because you knew not the time of your
- (Luke 21:5,6,20) And as some spoke of the temple, how it was
adorned with goodly stones and gifts, he said,
6 As for these things which you behold, the days will come, in the
which there shall not be left one stone on another, that shall not be thrown
20And when you shall see Jerusalem
compassed with armies, then know that the desolation thereof is near.
THE FATE OF THE LAND AFTER 70 A.D.
After 70 A.D. when the destruction of Jerusalem
and the temple took place, there were several rulers one after the other. When
the hedge of the vineyard of Israel and Jerusalem was taken away (Isa 5:5: And now go to; I will tell you
what I will do to my vineyard: I
will take away the hedge thereof, and it shall be eaten up; and break down the
wall thereof, and it shall be trodden down) and destroyed and
trampled, the land fell into the hands of different rulers for centuries. There were at least eight
successive ruling groups:
- ... -
395 A.D. - Romans
- 395 - 636 A.D. - Byzantines
- 636 - 1072 A.D. - Arabs
- 1072 - 1099 A.D. - Seljuks
- 1099 - 1291 A.D. - “Crusaders”
- 1291 - 1516 A.D. - Mamluks
- 1516 - 1917 A.D. - Turkish Ottomans
- 1917 - 1948 A.D. - British mandate administration
illustrates that the land was in the hands of different rulers in turn across
many centuries, actually almost for two millennia. A
change did not take place until 1948 when the country of Israel became
independent and came under Jewish rule. Actually, there were
Jews living in the region almost all the time.
in 1896, for example, Jews were a clear majority among Christians and Muslims. There were 45,420
residents: 61.9% were Jews, 19.3% Christians, and 18.8% Muslims.
The consequence of the land
being under foreign rule was that it started to deteriorate and became deserted
little by little. Muslims and other groups in
possession of the land neither settled down nor made it flourish. A
good example of this is the fact that during Muslim rule, which lasted for
centuries after the year 636, only one town was built, the town of Ramle, and
the land started to deteriorate. Whenever the land and the city of Jerusalem have not been in the hands
of the Jews, they have become desolate and fallen into ruin, but in their hands
the land and city have prospered.
The well-known author Mark
Twain painted a good picture of the desolation of the land. His description of Galilee
in the 1800s:
There is not a
single village in the entire vast area. Only two or three
groups of Bedouin tents were in sight but not a single permanent settlement. In
an area ten miles wide, not ten people are in sight. This
area was spoken about in a prophecy: 'I will lay waste the
land, so that your enemies who live there will be appalled. I
will scatter you among the nations and will draw out my sword and pursue you. Your
land will be laid waste, and your cities will lie in ruins.' No one who stands by the
ruined Ai Mellah can say that this prophecy has not been fulfilled. (4)
A Finnish soldier,
who was in General Allenby's troops conquering the land under Turkish power for
the British empire, also described the desolation of the land and doubted
whether it could ever become inhabited again. This was only a
little over 30 years before the creation of the country. Based on these words we
can conclude that the prophecies in the Bible about the desolation of the land
have been fulfilled:
Until now, I have
been able to believe everything the Bible says. But that at some
point in time the Jewish shopkeepers, doctors, and judges will return here –
and the Bible indeed says that they will – I find hard to believe. This
country we conquered from Turks is completely desolate, burnt by the Sun, full
of sand, thorns, bogs, scorpions, and snakes. Nobody could ever live here. (5)
WHO ARE THE PALESTINIANS? As noted, the
Jews were forced to leave Israel after the devastation of 70 A.D. and 135 A.D.,
and the country was slowly ruined and became desolate as foretold in several
prophecies. This desolation lasted for centuries. It was at its worst during
the 400-year rule of the Muslims (1516–1917) when even trees were taxed, which
led to trees being destroyed because people wanted to avoid the payments. As a
consequence the land became perfectly deserted because the erosion-preventing
vegetation was gone. Some areas became swampy, others got parched, and living
conditions became almost impossible – a fact that caused population to
decrease. Descriptions from the 1700s and 1800s indicate that the land then was
a desert, sparsely inhabited, and that it was burdened by illegality:
people who would have cultivated the fruitful soil of the land were gone." (Th. Shaw, Travels
and Observations Relating to Several Parts of Barbary and the Levant,
1785 "The land was ruined and
deserted." (C.F. Volnay, Travels
Through Syria and Egypt in the Years 1783, 1784 and 1785, London 1787).
1844 "During Volnay, the land had not yet achieved the
last degree of depopulation." (A. Keith, The
Land of Israel, Edinburgh 1844).
1865 "...both in
the north and the south (Sharon plain), agriculture is coming to an end and
whole villages are rapidly disappearing." (H.B. Tristram, The Land of Israel: A Journal of
Travels in Palestine, London 1865) (6)
What about the
Palestinians? As to
their background, we may occasionally hear that they have always been one
nation and that Jerusalem has always been their capital. However, history does not support those statements. If
we look at the time after 70 A.D. when Jerusalem and its temple were destroyed
and the Jews were dispersed, we see that there existed no Palestinian state.
Such a state would have had its own rulers, its own army, its own currency, its
own language, recognizable borders and other features signifying national
important features were completely missing.
Instead, history teaches that
present-day Palestinians are Arabs who came from surrounding states. Many are descendants of
Ishmael, the son of Abraham, and most of them moved into the area during the
past 150 years.
These people did not
represent one nationality but several: Jordanian, Syrian,
Lebanese, Egyptian, Iraqi, etc. They arrived from
neighbouring Arab states or (before the year 1917) from the former Turkish
Ottoman region, which until a hundred years ago still had possession of most of
the Arab states.
could not have had any kind of Palestinian identity at that time; neither was
there any mention of any Palestinian identity made by neighbour Arab states.
These mentions were made a lot later.
What led people to move from
surrounding areas to the present land of Israel was the fact that conditions
were much better there. Consequences of the
migration of the Jews included an increase in wages and the standard of living,
and this tempted them to move away from the surrounding areas. The
people mostly migrated to those areas where the standard of living had
increased the most.
nearly abandoned area, a distant and desolate place, started to be inhabited
When the land started to
react to the hard work of the Jews, they became victims of their own success.
The Muslims who had not cared about what happens to the land for centuries
heard about the success of the Jews. They started to flow into the land from
the neighbouring Muslim states, intending to work for the Jews. When they moved
back they did not want to settle down in new areas but to the areas where the
Jews were. (7)
A fact to which we
should pay attention is that Palestinian identity is a relatively new concept. There
was no talk of it when Israel became independent (in 1948). The
Arabs did not mention it because it was not a known concept at the time. They
were the same Arabs as in the surrounding Muslim states. Instead, it started to
appear only after the war in 1967, which was won by Israel. These
people who were of several nationalities and whose parents came from neighbouring
countries only received their new identity around that time. Representatives of the PLO,
especially, sought self-identity for tactical reasons because they wanted to
use it against Israel. There has not been a long historical foundation:
We only emphasize
our Palestinian identity for political reasons. (…) A special
Palestinian identity serves only tactical goals. Establishing a state
of Palestine is a new tool in the continuous battle against Israel. (…)
When we have received all our rights in all of Palestine, we will not waste any
more time in uniting Jordan and Palestine. (Stated by Zuheir Muhsini, leader of PLO operational department, in an
interview given to Dutch magazine Trouw
on 31 March 1977.) (8)
What seems to be less noted
is the fact that neither during the years immediately preceding the war leading
to Israel’s independence nor the years immediately after it was a state called
Palestine ever named as the other party to the war. What was mentioned, instead,
was that the objective of neighbour Arab states was to prevent the creation of
a Jewish state and that their objective to absolutely destroy such a state
regardless of any UN resolutions. The war in 1948 was not fought for the
purpose of creating an independent state called Palestine. Instead the
objective was to divide the land among the five attacking Arab states...
Therefore, the idea of an independent and eternal state called Palestine came
into being during the times after the summer war of 1967.Only after that were
they actively developed. (9)
The refugee problem.
One concern connected to the so-called
Palestinians, or Arabs who live in the Israeli area and elsewhere, is the
refugee problem and the fact that many of them have had to spend years in camps
in the surrounding Arabic areas and often in bad conditions. This and other factors
have been the cause of their suffering and the reason they have become bitter:
Taking all this
into consideration, the sufferings of the Palestinians also pierce my heart. I
have visited my Palestinian friends in Lebanon at camps ravaged by the wars and
seen how they have fought against Israeli soldiers. I
have interviewed the local Palestinian leaders and read their newspapers. To
me, they are not mere statistics but living persons whose grievances I have
heard. A man
must be totally hardened in the heart not to see that the Palestinians are
But what has
caused the Palestinian refugee problem? What is the reason behind it and where did it come from?
The answer can be found in
the actions of the Arabs.
This problem arose when the neighbouring Arab states began warfare
against the newly-born state in 1948 and advised their kinsmen, the so-called
Palestinians, to get out of their way, to leave because then there would be a
free opportunity to conquer the land, and because it would be difficult to know
who is a Jew and who an Arab amidst the total destruction.
This problem did not arise
from the fact that these people were expelled by force, as is often said in the
Arabic media. Instead, it was caused by their
own negative propaganda. The official stance
of Israel was that the Arabs should stay in their homes. This
command was obeyed by some of the Arabs, and as a result they got to carry on with
their lives in their original places. (It
is true that some Jewish extremist organizations were guilty of fraudulent
practices. In Deir Jassin, for example,
several Arabs died. So their reputation is not
spotless, either. However, this was an exception to
the official political stance and goals of Israel.) Those who listened to the speeches
of their Arab brothers left the area. As a consequence, the
refugee problem arose. If the Arab states had agreed to accept the existence of Israel there
would have been no war and no refugee problem.
We the refugees
(…) left our homeland because we trusted in the crooked leaders of the Arab
states and their deceitful promises.
They promised us that
our absence would take no longer than two weeks; it would be like a trip, after
which we would return. (Jordanian newspaper Falastin,
30 May 1955)
Those Arab states
that advised Palestinian Arabs to leave their homes temporarily at the time of
the attack and occupation have broken their promise to help these refugees. (Jordanian newspaper Falastin 19 February 1949)
Who brought the
Palestinian refugees to Lebanon, where they now have to suffer the negative
attitudes of the press and Arab leaders? These newspapers and
leaders have no conscience or honor. Who was to blame for
the fact that they were brought out of their country under terrible adversity,
having lost their money and honor? The Arab states,
Lebanon among them, are guilty. (Magazine Kul-Shay, Beirut 19
King Hussein, 17 January
1970: "The Arab leaders have used the nation of Palestine for their
selfish political purposes. It is ridiculous, and I would even go so far as to
say that it is criminal."
THE RESISTANCE AGAINST ISRAEL.
If we think about the possibility that Israel will be attacked at the end of
this age, certainly the first requirement is that nations express a negative
attitude towards Israel.
They must show hostility towards this nation before prophecies in the
Bible can come true.
It is interesting to observe
that signs of hostility have appeared since the date of Israel’s independence,
and are still evident.
These signs include the following:
Wars. Wars already
fought against Israel are one example of the opposition Israel faces. Even
though there are no large reserves of natural resources such as oil in Israel
and the surface area is also insignificant when compared to the surrounding
Arab states, Israel has been involved in wars and has been attacked many times. Many
nations, especially the surrounding Arab states, have wanted to deny Israel as
a state and have attacked it several times, specifically in 1948, 1967, and
1973. In all those wars, the existence of the nation of Israel was greatly
threatened. Miraculously, it has been
next quote discusses the war in 1973:
The outcome of the
War of Six Days in 1967 is deemed a wonder, but it was nothing compared to the
war of Yom Kippur. And
when we see the whole truth in the coming years we will see that Israel's
salvation from destruction absolutely went against all reason.
(…) The attacks at both
fronts were large-scale and terrifying. At the Syrian front,
there were more tanks than in the German attack of the Soviet Union in 1941
when there were 1,000 tanks on a frontline of 300 kilometers. At
the Syrian front on the hills of Golan, there were 1,200 tanks along a line of
later at Sinai the largest tank battle in history was fought, which was more
massive than the fight of El Alamein during the Second World War.
We Englishmen tend to incline
towards imperialist attitudes because we have regarded Syria as an
insignificant, small and petty state of the Middle East, which can be destroyed
in one attack. However,
Syria had more tanks in its initial attack than England and France had on the
front line altogether. (11)
A common way of
thinking – particularly in Western states – is that if Israel would simply
agree to give up more land, the Middle East could reach peace and stability.
People think that a Palestine state would
be the answer to this problem. People fail to notice that all these areas,
including Jerusalem, used to be part of the state of Israel. People also fail
to notice the Balfour Declaration (1917) – approved by the League of Nations –
according to which the currently disputed areas of Judea and Samaria (= the
West Bank), Jerusalem and Gaza should be included in the Jewish state.
The problem lies deeper, however,
and the problem is the existence of the state of Israel. Mere giving up of
certain land areas is no solution to this problem because the Arabs refuse to
recognise the existence of Israel and want to destroy it. Between 1948 and 1967
the West Bank, Gaza and Eastern Jerusalem were managed by the Arabs (the West bank and Eastern Jerusalem by
Jordania and Gaza by Egypt) but this did not bring peace, because the Arabs
wanted it all. There was no talk of establishing a Palestine state at that time
even though establishing such a state would have been easy at that point. Instead,
their plan was to destroy the entire state of Israel. This has been the
ultimate reason for the problems in the Middle East
Arabs do fight against Arabs
in the Middle East, and Muslims kill other Muslims all around the world because
of differences relating to doctrine, but there is a shared enemy equally hated
by the Sunni and the Shia. There is one enemy both fundamentalists and
secularists hate. This enemy is Israel.
Even though it is true that the “Palestine issue” is a mere
smoke screen – a mere excuse to hate the Jews and Israel and try to turn the
world against them – it is also true that the radical Islamic world will never
approve the existence of a Jewish state; no matter what kind of concessions it
makes to achieve peace. In the Arab world, meetings and peace negotiations are
only held as secondary battlefields in a war whose ultimate goal is destroying
the people of Israel. (12)
Psalm 83 seems to
describe the current situation when Israel is harassed and despised by
neighbouring countries. Many Arabs today have
a similar attitude – an anti-Israel attitude -- which becomes apparent in their
speeches and propaganda. This Psalm is also like a description of the Charter of the PLO because
it has had a similar statute regarding the state of Israel:
- (Ps 83:1-5) Keep not you silence, O God:
hold not your peace, and be not still, O God.
2 For, see, your
enemies make a tumult:
and they that hate you have lifted up the head.
3 They have taken crafty counsel against your people, and consulted
against your hidden ones.
4 They have
said, Come, and let us cut them off from being a nation; that the name of
Israel may be no more in remembrance.
5 For they have
consulted together with one consent: they are
confederate against you:
Statements of Arab leaders. The same issue,
the desire to annihilate the state of Israel, can be clearly found in the
speeches of Arab leaders. The following is an example, a statement by a leader
of the Hamas movement. Many representatives of these extreme groups do not
accept Israel as a state; they want everything for themselves. This is the
reason behind several armed attacks they made in Israeli territory. The same
attacks also cause damage to themselves because Israel tries to track down
these attackers. These attacks are one reason behind Israel’s recent
construction of a protective wall. (“Israel
has 46,000 guards protecting the country from extremist attacks, and many of
them may now lose their jobs because of the wall.” / Newspaper Etelä-Suomen
Sanomat, 24 June 2004.) When the situation and attitudes are like this it is
difficult to speak of peace. Peace is impossible to achieve in the current
of Hamas Not Agreeing to Cease-fire
Still Destruction of Israel
Palestinian organization Hamas does not plan a cease-fire with Israel, said the
leader of organization Mahmoud al-Zahar on Sunday. According to him, the
organization still aims at destroying the state of Israel.
- A cease-fire is not being discussed. Our
strategy is to release all Palestinian areas, he said, referring to the West
Bank, Gaza, and Israel itself.
The statement given by Al-Zahar to the press
in Gaza annulled the conciliatory statement of another leader of the Hamas. The
leader of extreme organization of the West Bank, Hassan Jussef, said on Friday
that the extreme organisation could
accept the establishment of a Palestinian state on the West Bank and to Gaza
and a cease-fire with Israel.
Hundreds of Israelites have died in the
suicide attacks and armed attacks arranged by the Hamas. The Palestinian
administration fears that the continuation of violence may disrupt the election
of the successor of President Jasser Arafat in January. (Newspaper Etelä-Suomen
Sanomat 6 December 2004)
The same point and same attitude in
the Arab countries is clearly illustrated in a short quote from the article Uusi
antisemitismin aalto arabimaissa ("A new wave of
anti-Semitism in Arab countries”, Etelä-SuomenSanomat, 28 September 2003).
The article’s writer states the following about the present situation and
general developments in Arab countries:
What is hiding behind the definition
of new anti-Semitism and how widespread is it? Unlike in the classical
anti-Semitism, which was targeted against the Jews as individuals and as a
nation, the target of new anti-Semitism is also the Jewish state Israel. In extreme cases, new anti-Semitism questions Israel's right to exist. New anti-Semitism has indeed gained more and more momentum in the Islamic world and Arab
The following newspaper article from a couple of years ago also
addresses the same issue. It is about Iran, which, according to the Bible, will
be one of the states that attack Jerusalem. It has been one of the states most
powerfully opposing Israel.
in Iran demand the destruction for Israel
of thousands of demonstrators proclaimed their support to the Palestinians in
the capital of Iran, Teheran, on Friday. The demonstrators shouted slogans like
‘death to Israel’ and ‘death to the United States’.
Iran's president Mahmud Ahmadinejad, who
just a few days ago publicly demanded Israel to ‘be wiped off the map’, was
supported in the demonstration.
Demonstrations were arranged also elsewhere
in Iran. The radical Muslims arranged the marches on the so-called Day of
Jerusalem which in Iran is celebrated on the last Friday of the Muslims' month
of fasting, Ramadan.
In Iran's opinion, Israel does not have the
right to exist. The government of Teheran still denies American accusations
that Iran supports armed Muslim groups who oppose the peace between the Arabs
and Israel. Iran says that it gives these groups moral support only.
demonstrators who marched in Teheran trampled flags of both Israel and the
United States. Most of the leaders of Iran, including President Mahmud
Ahmadinejad, took part in the march.
The statements of the leaders of Iran were
immediately condemned by the European Union, the United States, and Russia.
Israel demanded dismissing of Iran from the United Nations.
"Ahmadinejad speaks on behalf of all
Iranians. We are all ready to die for Palestine,” said 25-year-old Mohammad
Mirzayi, who is a member of organization Basiji that enforces social
regulations such as the dressing code for women.
The support for the Palestinians is one
of the foundations of Iran’s foreign policy. (Helsingin Sanomat, 29 October 2005)
THE DISPUTE OVER JERUSALEM. The dispute over Israel becomes apparent in the statements of Arab
leaders. We mentioned above that the central issue of the last dispute would be
Jerusalem and it is completely consistent with the present situation in the
world, sessions of the UN, and with statements by Arab leaders. If we were to ask an expert's opinion about the most likely target of
multinational military groups, he would probably suggest Jerusalem. He would
certainly base his opinion, in part, on the current political situation. This city, even
though there are thousands of other cities in the world, has become the central
point of dispute and ‘a cup of drunkenness’ and a ‘very heavy rock for all
nations’, as Zechariah prophesied.
- (Zec 12:1-3) The burden of the word of the LORD for Israel, said
the LORD, which stretches forth the heavens, and lays the foundation of the
earth, and forms the spirit of man within him.
2 Behold, I
will make Jerusalem a cup of trembling to all the people round about,
when they shall be in the siege both against Judah and against Jerusalem.
3 And in
that day will I make Jerusalem a burdensome stone for all people: all
that burden themselves with it shall be cut in pieces, though all the people of
the earth be gathered together against it.
The following quote refers to the
same matter. It refers to Yasser Arafat's statements over the years that were
related to Israel and Jerusalem. The second-to-last of the statements was given
to his supporters in the mosque of Johannesburg only eight months after signing
a peace treaty with Israel, which resulted in him receiving the Nobel Peace
Prize. He promised in his speech to carry on fighting despite the peace treaty.
It indicates that the information we get in Western countries is often quite
different from what leaders say to their own supporters behind closed doors.
However, we should note that these statements by Arafat are not
exceptional in any way; similar statements have repeatedly been made by other
Arab leaders and confirmed during international conferences. These leaders do
not accept the fact that the city of Jerusalem is in Jewish possession.
March 1970. The Washington Post. "The final goal of our resistance is
the end of Israel and it cannot be compromised."
February 1980. Caracas Venezuela, newspaper El Mundo. "The word peace,
to us, means the destruction of Israel."
May 1994. Johannesburg, South Africa. "This treaty (Oslo) does not mean
to me any more than what Al-Hudaybiyah's agreement with the Qurayshs meant to
Muhammad. Jihad – the holy war – will continue. You must understand that the
goal of our battle is Jerusalem. It is not their capital but ours."
September 1995. Jerusalem Post. "I swear by the name of Allah that the
Palestinians are ready to sacrifice their last sons and daughters until the
Palestinian flag waves above the walls, mosques, and churches of Jerusalem."(13)
The Bible describes these statements
and attitudes. If we look at the Books of Zechariah, Revelation and Joel, we
can find references to attacks on Jerusalem by the nations, and to Gentiles’
trampling of Jerusalem until the time of Gentiles is fulfilled (Jesus' words
describing the day of the Gentiles have not yet been fulfilled wholly. Read
An observation that we can make from the last of these Bible passages
(Joel 3) is the reference to a ‘holy war’ (in the Finnish version, Joel
3:9), which is completely in accordance with the Muslim way of thinking. This
reference may well refer to Muslims because they often use this expression and
because the Islamic world is already now very anti-Israel. In the same verses
there are also references to Jerusalem, the Diaspora of the nation, and the Sun
and Moon being darkened, which might refer to a nuclear war:
- (Rev 11:1,2) And there was given me a reed like to a rod: and the
angel stood, saying, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and
them that worship therein.
2 But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure
it not; for it is given to the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they
tread under foot forty and two months.
- (Zec 13:8-14:3,16) And it shall come to pass, that in all the land, said
the LORD, two parts therein shall be cut off and die; but the third shall be left
9 And I will
bring the third part through the fire, and will refine them as silver is
refined, and will try them as gold is tried: they shall call on my name, and I
will hear them: I will say, It is my people: and they shall say, The LORD is my
1 Behold, the
day of the LORD comes, and your spoil shall be divided in the middle of you.
2 For I will
gather all nations against Jerusalem to battle; and the city shall
be taken, and the houses rifled, and the women ravished; and half of the city
shall go forth into captivity, and the residue of the people shall not be cut
off from the city.
3 Then shall the LORD go forth, and fight against those nations,
as when he fought in the day of battle.
16 And it shall come to pass, that every one that is left of
all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall even go up from year
to year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep the feast of
- (Joel 3:1,2, 9-16) For, behold, in those days, and in that time, when
I shall bring again the captivity of Judah and Jerusalem,
2 I will also
gather all nations, and will bring them down into the valley of Jehoshaphat,
and will plead with them there for my people and for my heritage Israel, whom
they have scattered among the nations, and parted my land.
9 Proclaim you
this among the Gentiles; Prepare war, wake up the mighty men,
let all the men of war draw near; let them come up:
10 Beat your
plowshares into swords and your pruning hooks into spears: let the weak say, I
yourselves, and come, all you heathen, and gather yourselves together round
about: thither cause your mighty ones to come down, O LORD.
12 Let the
heathen be wakened, and come up to the valley of Jehoshaphat: for
there will I sit to judge all the heathen round about.
13 Put you in the
sickle, for the harvest is ripe: come, get you down; for the press is full, the
fats overflow; for their wickedness is great.
multitudes in the valley of decision: for the day of the LORD is near in the
valley of decision.
15 The sun
and the moon shall be darkened, and the stars shall withdraw their
16 The LORD also shall roar out of Zion, and utter his voice from
Jerusalem; and the heavens and the earth shall shake: but the LORD will be the
hope of his people, and the strength of the children of Israel."
ISLAM AND ISRAEL.
One influence on
anti-Israel attitude is Islam. Muslims often feel
deep anger towards this country. Muslims do not
believe in the Bible but in the victory of Islam and they are almost unanimous
in their negative attitude towards Israel. It is impossible for
them to bless this country and the citizens of Israel (Num 6:22 27, Gen 12:3). If
Israel were a Muslim state there would be no such problem – as things are,
there is a problem. Muslims believe that if an area
has once been ruled by Islam (Dar ul salaam = a land/area of peace), it is
always the property of Islam and must thus be reconquered. This explains why
Israel has always been a major insult to Muslim states.
Many Muslims are raised to
hate Israel. Maybe the best evidence that children and young people are being
led astray is found in the fact that suicide attacks are idealized. They are told as little children that dying
in the holy war on behalf of Allah -- exploding themselves along with a few
others -- is heroic and admirable. That is certainly a lie of the devil (John
8:44). However, they are provoked to do this with the promise of a better place
in heaven where 72 dark-eyed lovely virgins and other pleasures of paradise
await every martyr. The prerequisite is that they must also take others to
death. As taught by Islam, if they die alone they will lose these virgins.
There is not much hope for
peace in such circumstances. As long as Islam controls Arabs and their way of
thinking, it is completely impossible because they cannot accept Israel as a
state and cannot accept its existence. So they will never give up the idea that
this area should be under Islamic control. Only when they are faced with God's
love in Jesus Christ and a change occurs within their hearts can this perverted
attitude leave their hearts. The following quote indicates the common attitude
among the Muslims:
Perhaps it is time now to listen to
what the main actors on the Middle Eastern stage have to say and believe their
words for real. Hashemi Rafsanjani, who has sometimes been called a ‘moderate’
leader of Iran, compressed the causes of the crisis into a few sentences:
"All the problems of our region are caused by only one reason; the infidel
Jews and imperialistic Westerners penetrating Dar al Islam. Each political
dispute, every border conflict and all internal conflicts arise from UMMA's
inability to faithfully begin a successful Jihad. The everlasting battle
between Ishmael and Isaac cannot come to an end before one or the other has
been perfectly destroyed." (14)
However, it is interesting to note
that the Koran, the holy book of Islam, teaches that the Holy Land belongs to
Israel, and that they are elected. Thus, many Muslims deny their own holy book:
said unto his nation: "My nation, remember the mercy, which God showed you
when he set prophets among you, made kings from you and gave for you such, what
he has not given to anybody else. My nation, go to the holy land, which
God has regulated for you, don't turn away, that you wouldn't be
led the Israelites over the sea, and pharaoh with his troops followed them
because of his wickedness and his hostility, until he was engulfed by the
waves. Then he said: "I believe that there is no other god other than the
one whom the Israelites believe in, and I too submit to him."... We led
the Israelites to live in the blessed land and we fed them with all good,
but they began arguing when they found out. God will solve their dispute on the
day of the resurrection. (10:90 93)
that, we said to the Israelites: "Settle down to live in this land,
and when the last moment comes, we will bring you all together before us."
took place, for we wanted to let the Israelites inherit the land.
remember my mercy that I showed you, when I chose you from among the nations.
gave the Israelites the Book, wisdom and prophecy, we fed them with all good, we
chose them from among all people (45:16)
ISRAEL AND US
Finally, we will
study our attitude towards Israel and the Jews. Is our attitude
positive, negative or something in between? Are we in the red, in the black or
neutral? We will study different aspects of this important issue.
ISRAEL SHOULD BE BLESSED
From studying the Bible it is clear that it is
right to bless Israel and the Jews.
God’s promise to Abraham was ”And I will bless them that bless you, and curse him that
curses you: and in you shall all families of
the earth be blessed”
(Gen 12:3). Jacob was later given a similar
promise: ”cursed be every one that curses you, and
blessed be he that blesses you." (Gen 27:29). Later, God renewed the same
promise, and included the entire people of Israel by saying through Balaam: ”Blessed is he that blesses you, and cursed is he that
curses you" (Num 24:9). These words still hold true: if we turn
against Israel and the Jews, we may also turn against God.
Blessing Israel does not mean that
we should concur with each political move made by Israel or each armed attack. It
does not mean this because mistakes have surely been made and wrongs committed,
and those people are no more perfect than any of us. It is a mistake to think
so because we all can see the same social problems and abuse in Israel as in
the Western world. For example, the number of abortions committed in Israel is
very high, which is highly regrettable.
What it is all about is the right
kind of attitude, meaning that we should pray for the people of Israel (as for
all people) and hope all the best for them. It is all about being obedient, not
about having an emotional attitude; it is about whether or not we do what God
wants us to do. God has not forsaken His people and His plans for them;
instead, He plans to realise his plan of rescue in them. If we are anti-Semitic
– which has often occurred in the history of the church – we have badly gone
- (Rom 11:1-5,25-29) I say then, Has God
cast away his people? God forbid. For I
also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin.
2 God has
not cast away his people which he foreknew. Know you not what the scripture
said of Elias? how he makes intercession to God against Israel saying,
3 Lord, they have killed your prophets, and dig down
your altars; and I am left alone, and they seek my life.
4 But what said the answer of God to him? I have
reserved to myself seven thousand men, who have not bowed the knee to the image
5 Even so then at this present time also there is a
remnant according to the election of grace.
25 For I would not, brothers, that you should be
ignorant of this mystery, lest you should be wise in your own conceits; that
blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fullness of the Gentiles
be come in.
26 And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is
written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away
ungodliness from Jacob:
27 For this is my covenant to them, when I shall take
away their sins.
28 As concerning the gospel, they are enemies for your
sakes: but as touching the election, they are beloved for the father's sakes.
29 For the gifts and calling of God are without
THE GOSPEL FIRST
Sometimes, we may
have the wrong priorities when it comes to blessing Israel, meaning that we may focus too
much on humanitarian work, political disputes or even on building a temple on
Earth (such may be built in Jerusalem but
this would practically mean putting aside the work of Jesus Christ and
returning to the old covenant; the congregation itself is the temple of God,
see 1 Cor 6:19) and forgetting Gospel work. Many of these activities are
good by nature but people – both Arabs and Jews – first and foremost need the
Gospel. Only the Gospel can change them, liberate them from hate and spiritual
darkness, and bring them to God. They need Jesus Christ and the Gospel about
Him in order to experience this.
The same model can be seen in the life of
Paul. His most
important goal was always to spread the Gospel and save people. He worked both
among his own people and among heathens:
- (Rom 1:16) For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ:for it is the
power of God to salvation to every one that believes; to the Jew first, and
also to the Greek.
- (Acts 17:1-3) Now when they had passed
through Amphipolis and Apollonia, they came to Thessalonica, where was a
synagogue of the Jews:
2 And Paul, as his manner was, went in to them, and
three sabbath days reasoned with them out of the scriptures,
3 Opening and alleging, that Christ must needs have
suffered, and risen again from the dead; and that this Jesus, whom I
preach to you, is Christ.
- (Acts 19:9,10) But
when divers were hardened, and believed not, but spoke evil of that way before
the multitude, he departed from them, and separated the disciples, disputing
daily in the school of one Tyrannus.
10 And this continued by the space of two years; so
that all they which dwelled in Asia heard the word of the Lord Jesus, both Jews
- (Acts 26:19,20) Whereupon,
O king Agrippa, I was not disobedient to the heavenly vision:
showed first to them of Damascus, and at Jerusalem, and throughout all the
coasts of Judaea, and then to the Gentiles, that they should repent and turn to
God, and do works meet for repentance.
NOT AGAINST THE ARABS
Having a blessing
attitude towards Israel and Jews does not mean that we should have a hostile
attitude towards Arabs and Palestinians.
Some have been guilty of this misconception just like the Arabs have wanted to
destroy Israel. Jesus reprimanded James and John for just this attitude, (Mark
3:17) and he surnamed them Boanerges, which is, the
sons of thunder:
- (Luke 9:51-56) And it came to pass, when the
time was come that he should be received up, he steadfastly set his face to go
52 And sent messengers before his face: and they went,
and entered into a village of the Samaritans, to make ready for him.
53 And they did not receive him, because his face was
as though he would go to Jerusalem.
when his disciples James and John saw this, they said, Lord, will you that we
command fire to come down from heaven, and consume them, even as Elias did?
he turned, and rebuked them, and said, You know not what manner of spirit you
56 For the Son of man is not come to destroy men's
lives, but to save them. And they went to another village.
The biblically correct attitude to hold regarding Arabs and Palestinians
is one of praying and blessing. They need our prayers, spiritual awakening and
friendship as much as the Jews. Brother Andreas wrote about wrongful attitudes
we may have. He had been in contact with Hamas and the Palestine leaders, and
stressed the importance of expressing friendship when reaching out to them.
What had I learned? There were some important issues. I voiced
one of them: "There are no terrorists – there are only people who need
Johan had heard me speak around these
lines often but it was a shock to my American friend. “I’m serious,” I said. “If I
consider them enemies, how could I reach them? I have often said that if you
see a terrorist with a weapon in his hand, go to him and put your arm around
him so that he cannot shoot you. As long as we consider anyone – whether it is
a Muslim, a communist or a terrorist – an enemy, God’s love cannot flow through
us and reach them. We all must make a choice. I can go to the terrorists and
love them so that they will reach the Kingdom. As soon as I start to love them,
they cease to be my enemies. You do not hate your friends.”
“So who is the enemy then?”
Never a human being!”
As Al considered this radical and biblical
idea, I gave him another lesson:
“Anyone who can be reached can also be atoned to Jesus Christ. I believe that
my work has proven this.” I further explained myself, “Hamas can be reached. Anyone
could have gone to meet the men at Marj al-Zohor. I did what Jesus did – I met
them when they were in need. When they are sick, I am with them. When they are
in the hospital, I am with them. How else could they learn to know Jesus? They
can meet Jesus only if someone in whom He lives goes to them.”(15)
CONFESS YOUR HATE
We can often see
how hate rules people.
There are people who hate foreigners, who hate Israel and the Jews but also
people who hate Palestinians and Arabs. Such an attitude is very common and
people do not even consider it a sin. Magazines and the media can even agitate
others to have the same kind of bitter attitude. If this is not bad, then what
is? (Matt 18:6: But if anyone causes one
of these little ones who believe in me to sin, it would be better for him to
have a large millstone hung around his neck and to be drowned in the depths of
the sea.) People fail to see that hate, bitterness and contempt of others
are a sin leading to damnation, no matter whom they hate – foreigners, Arabs,
Jews, anyone. Anyone who hates his brother is a murderer, and there is no
eternal life in such a person. They will not inherit the kingdom of God. This
is clearly what the Bible teaches us:
- (1 John 3:15) Whoever hates
his brother is a murderer: and you know that no murderer has eternal
life abiding in him.
- (1 John 2:9) He that said he is in the
light, and hates his brother, is in darkness even until now.
- (1 John 4:20,21) If a man say, I love God, and hates his brother, he is a
liar: for he that loves not his
brother whom he has seen, how can he love God whom he has not seen?
21 And this commandment have we from him, That he who loves God love his
If you have felt hate, bitterness or contempt
towards others, you should repent and change.
God has a good plan for all of us but if we want to hang onto our contempt and
hate, His plan for us will not be realised. We will be lost if we think that we
can cope with the wrong attitude when confronted with God. If this is the case,
we will not enter the kingdom of God (Gal
6:7,8 Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for
whatever a man sows, that shall he also reap. For he
that sows to his flesh shall of the flesh reap corruption; but he that sows to
the Spirit shall of the Spirit reap life everlasting.) So, confess
your sin of pride and hate to God, ask Him to forgive you in the name of His
son, Jesus Christ, and you will be forgiven.
- (1 John 1:9) If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive
us our sins, and to cleanse us from
- (Col 2:13) And you, being dead in your sins
and the uncircumcision of your flesh, has he quickened together with him, having forgiven you all trespasses
- (Acts 13:38,39) Be it known to you
therefore, men and brothers, that
through this man is preached to you the forgiveness of sins:
39 And by him all that believe are justified from all things, from which
you could not be justified by the law of Moses.
1. Josephus: Wars of the Jews
2. Josephus: Wars of the Jews, 22.214.171.1241.
3. Josephus: Wars of the Jews, 126.96.36.1990.
from the book "100 merkkiä Jeesuksen tulemuksesta", Ensio Lehtonen
/ Gordon Lindsay, p. 111
from the book "Israel polttopisteessä", Jukka Riippa, p. 35
from the book "Israel polttopisteessä", Jukka Riippa, p. 109
Lindsey: 1948 Vuosi, jolloin loppu alkoi, p. 87
8. Citation from the book
"Israel polttopisteessä", Jukka Riippa, p. 124
Sartola: Totuutena valhe, p. 279, 282
10. David Dolan, Pyhä sota (HOLY WAR FOR THE PROMISED LAND), p. 186
11. Lance Lambert, Taistelu Israelista (BATTLE FOR ISRAEL), p.9,13
12. Hal Lindsey: Tule Herra Jeesus (The Final
Battle by Hal Lindsey), p. 51,52
from the book "Harmagedon", PekkaSartola, p. 155
from the book Tule Herra Jeesus (The Final Battle by Hal Lindsey),
Andreas: Veljiä vahvistamassa, p. 227