Muhammad’s revelations and life
From what source were the revelations Muhammad received? Were they from God or not? Why can’t the fruit of Muhammad’s life be considered good?
The most important person in Islam is the prophet Muhammad. He is considered to be the seal of prophets (33:40) and he is valued above everybody else. Even though Muslims acknowledge many other prophets including Noah, Abraham, Moses and Jesus, Muhammad is their first. This is shown in the Muslim credo: “I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and that Muhammad is His prophet.”
Next, we will study the revelations of Muhammad and his life; since the authority of Islam and the Koran mostly rests on the revelations given through Muhammad and his personality, we cannot ignore him. Islam is closely connected to the personality of Muhammad. The Islamic faith in its current form would surely not even exist if it weren’t for him; this is why we should study his life. We will use the Koran and other Islamic sources as aids in this study because the Muslims themselves highly value them and because they tell a lot about Muhammad.
DID GOD’S ANGEL GABRIEL REALLY APPEAR TO MUHAMMAD? A general belief among Muslims is that Muhammad got his revelations from Gabriel (Djibril), an angel of God. Muhammad himself did not at first recognise the angel, however. He did not think that the revelations came from angel Gabriel until later. This is a very stable idea in the Islamic world.
However, there is a Muslim tradition (recorded by Ibn Sa’d) that an angel called Serafiel at first appeared to Muhammad and that Gabriel did not come until three years later. Many learned men have wanted to deny this tradition; they believe that the only angel that came to Muhammad was Gabriel. Chapter 2 of the Koran refers to Gabriel:
Say O Muhammad: "Whoever is the enemy of Jibra'el (Gabriel) should know that he revealed this Qur'an to your heart by Allah’s command, which confirms previous scriptures, and is a guidance and good news for the believers. Let them know that whoever is an enemy to Allah, His angels, His Messengers, Jibra'el (Gabriel) and Mika‘el (Michael); Allah is an enemy to such unbelievers. (2:97,98)
Contradiction with the Bible. The Muslims believe that Muhammad was in contact with an angel named Gabriel who brought the Koran to him. There is also an angel named Gabriel in the Bible.
There is a clear difference between the Gabriel of the Bible and the being who appeared to Muhammad, however. The angel Gabriel in the Bible acknowledges Jesus as the Son of the Most High, i.e. the Son of God, but the angel in the Koran does not. The conclusion based on this is that it could not have been the same being. The being who appeared to Muhammad must have been someone else, not the Gabriel mentioned in the Bible:
O Prophet tell the Christians: "If the Compassionate (Allah) had a son, I would be the first to worship him. (43:81)
O People of the Book! Do not transgress the limits of your religion. Speak nothing but the Truth about Allah. The Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary was no more than a Messenger of Allah and His Word "Be" which He bestowed on Mary and a Spirit from Him which took the shape of a child in her womb. So believe in Allah and His Messengers and do not say: "Trinity"." Stop saying that, it is better for you. Allah is only One Deity. He is far above from the need of having a son! To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and in the Earth. Allah Alone is sufficient for protection. (4:171)
Such was Jesus the son of Mary, and this is the True statement about him concerning which they are in doubt. It is not befitting to the majesty of Allah that He Himself should beget a son! He is far above this; for when He decrees a matter He need only say: "Be" and it is. (19:34,35)
- (Luke 1:26-35) And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a city of Galilee, named Nazareth,
27 To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin's name was Mary.
28 And the angel came in to her, and said, Hail, you that are highly favored, the Lord is with you: blessed are you among women.
29 And when she saw him, she was troubled at his saying, and cast in her mind what manner of salutation this should be.
30 And the angel said to her, Fear not, Mary: for you have found favor with God.
31 And, behold, you shall conceive in your womb, and bring forth a son, and shall call his name JESUS.
32 He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give to him the throne of his father David:
33 And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end.
34 Then said Mary to the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man?
35 And the angel answered and said to her, The Holy Ghost shall come on you, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow you: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of you shall be called the Son of God.
Muhammad had doubts: he feared that he was possessed. One reason to suspect that the angel Gabriel was the one who gave Muhammad the revelations is that Muhammad himself doubted the revelations and feared that he had gone crazy. The Koran mentions his doubts a couple of times. The being who appeared to Muhammad had to assure him that this was not the case.
If you are in doubt regarding what We have revealed to you, ask those who have been reading the Book before you. In fact, the truth has indeed come to you from your Lord: therefore, do not be of those who doubt, and do not join those who deny the revelations of Allah; otherwise you will become one of the losers. (10:94,95)
Nun. By the pen and what they write. By the grace of your Lord you are not a Madman, and you shall have a never ending reward. You are of the highest noble character. Soon you will see - as they will see - which of you is afflicted with madness. Surely it is your Lord Who knows those who have strayed from His Way, as He knows best those who are rightly guided. So do not yield to the unbelievers. They desire you to compromise a little, so they too would compromise. (68:1-9)
Therefore, O Prophet, keep up your mission of admonition. By the grace of your Lord you are neither a soothsayer nor a madman. Do they say: "He is but a poet! We are waiting for some misfortune to befall him. (52:29,30)
Not only Muhammad doubted himself: others doubted him too. The Koran describes some people who thought that Muhammad was crazy, a possessed poet, a lying magician or someone who made it all up himself:
They say: "O you to whom the reminder (The Qur'an) is being revealed! You are surely insane. (15:6)
But how can the acceptance of Our Message at that time be beneficial to them? A Messenger (Muhammad), who makes the things clear, has already come to them yet they deny him, saying: "He is a madman, taught by others!" (44:13,14)
The unbelievers would almost trip you up with their eyes when they hear Our revelations (The Qur’an), and say: "He (Muhammad) is surely crazy." (68:51)
O people of Mecca! Your companion has not gone mad; he (Muhammad) indeed saw him (Gabriel) in the clear horizon and he is not stingy to withhold the knowledge of the unseen. This (Qur’an) is not the word of an accursed Satan. (81:22-25)
for when they were told: "There is no god except Allah," they used to puff themselves up with pride and say: "What! Should we give up our gods for the sake of a mad poet?" (37:35,36)
They wonder that a Warner has come to them from among themselves, and the disbelievers say: "He is a sorcerer telling lies! (38:4)
Does it seem strange to the people that We revealed Our will to a man from among themselves, saying: "Warn mankind and give the good news to the Believers that they are on sound footing with their Lord?" The disbelievers say: "This man is indeed an obvious magician!" (10:2)
Do the people say: "He (Muhammad) has forged it?" Nay! It is the Truth from your Lord, so that you may warn a people to whom no Warner has come before you: so that they may receive guidance. (32:3)
We have not heard such a thing from anyone of the people of latter days (Jews and Christians): it is nothing but a fabrication. (38:7)
In addition to having doubts and fearing that he had gone crazy, Muhammad feared that he had been overcome by an evil spirit. The next quote is about Muhammad’s experiences that are mentioned in Islamic sources. These quotes may be very bothersome for Muslims, but what if they are true? Muhammad, mentioning a dzhinna (an evil spirit), believed that he had seen the devil. He did not think that the angel that came to him was a good angel:
Khadidzha took Muhammad up to the mountain to live in isolation so that he would get a vision from God. One day Muhammad came down from the mountain, crying. Something was flowing from his mouth. His eyes were red.
Khadidzha asked him, “What happened to you?” Muhammad said, “I saw the devil and was overcome by a dzhinni [an evil spirit].”
Muhammad confessed this. This is also included in his biography written by Al Halabi (Part 1, page 227).
But Khadidzha told Muhammad, “Don’t say that. When you see again the being you called the devil, tell me and I will test it.”
When Muhammad saw the being again, he told his wife, “Hey, there it is.” Khadija revealed her left thigh and asked Muhammad to sit on it. Khadija thought that if the being were an angel, it would be ashamed at seeing a woman’s thigh and would fly away. She said: “Can you see him?” Muhammad replied, “Yes, I can.”
She revealed her right thigh and asked, “Can you see him?” “Yes, I can,” Muhammad replied. Khadija took Muhammad into her arms and asked, “Can you see it?” “Yes, I can,” Muhammad replied.
The Khadija revealed her face and asked again whether Muhammad can still see the being. Muhammad said, “No, I cannot, it fled.” Khadija shouted, “Hey, this is an angel and not a devil!”
Why? Because the being was ashamed when seeing Khadija’s face? I often ask Muslims on live TV what kind of an angel would be ashamed when looking at the face of a woman but not when looking at all the hidden parts.
This has been written in the Muslim books. The evidence is there. And Muhammad said that it was the devil. (1)
A traditional Islamic tale seems to suggest that Muhammad was under the influence of an evil spirit. In that story we are told that Muhammad asked for forgiveness for his sins and to be freed from the evil spirit. Such traditions prove that Muhammad was imperfect like other people and he doubted his connection with the evil spirit. Was the being who said he was Gabriel like this?
Al Hadis, vol. 3, p. 786 Abu Azer al Anmari tells the following: When the prophet went to bed, he said, In Allah’s name, I lie down in Allah’s name, oh Allah! Forgive my sins and remove my evil spirit.
Another quote reveals that Muhammad did not consider his revelations or meetings with the spirit to be a positive experience. He felt that he was tormented by the devil, and he even contemplated suicide. If it was God’s angel Gabriel, why was Muhammad’s experience so much harder than that of, for example, Mary, who met an angel of the same name? These experiences are completely different.
At first, Muhammad was very restless about his supernatural meeting with the spirit. He “suffered a lot of pain and his face became ashen” (2). He wondered whether he was possessed by the devil, and he even contemplated suicide:
I will go to the top of the mountain and throw myself down so that I would die and thus get peace. So I went ahead with it but when I was halfway up the mountain, I heard a voice from heaven saying, “O Muhammad. You are an apostle of God and I am Gabriel.” I raised my head to the skies to see (who was talking) and behold, it was Gabriel in the form of a man – a man whose legs spread beyond the horizon. And he said, ”O Muhammad. You are an apostle of God and I am Gabriel.” (3)
Muhammad went back to Khadija feeling indescribable anxiety. According to Aisha, “Then Allah’s apostle came back with it (the revelation). His heart fluttered, (and) the muscles between his shoulders and neck shuddered until he came to Khadija (his wife) and said, “O Khadija, what is wrong with me? I was afraid that something bad were to happen to me.” Then he told Khadija everything that happened (4), and recounted his original fears to her, “Poor me, I am either a poet or possessed.” (5) By poet he meant in this case a person who gets ecstatic and possibly demonic visions. (6)
The Islamic sources tell a lot about Muhammad’s life and also mention something about his childhood. One of the most highly valued ones is the Biography of Muhammad by Ibn Ishaq. The biography also refers to evil spirits. This time, Muhammad’s wet-nurse Halima suspected that young Muhammad was possessed. Such mentions prove that Muhammad might have been under the same supernatural influence since his childhood.
This went on for two years, and we thanked God for our success. Then I weaned him; he was already an active boy, like much older boys. He was already strong at the age of two. (...)
So we brought him back. A couple of months later he was in the backyard with his foster brother and our sheep. Suddenly his brother came running and shouted at us, “Two men in white took my Quraysh brother, laid him down and opened up his abdomen! They were looking for something!”
Me and my husband started running. We found the boy standing there, pale. We took him in our arms and asked, “What is wrong, dear child?” He replied, “Two men in white came, laid me down and opened up my abdomen. They were looking for something but I do not know what.” We took him back inside.
My husband said to me, “Halima, I’m afraid that the boy is possessed. Take him back to his family before the disease breaks out.” We took him back to his mother, and she asked, “What brings you back, wet-nurse? You just wanted to take the boy with you.” I replied, “God has allowed my foster son to grow up and I have done my duty. Now I’m afraid that he might be faced with a calamity, and thus I return him to you as you wished.” (7)
How did Gabriel appear to Muhammad? The Islamic tradition tells different things about the time when Muhammad was in contact with the angel who said he was Gabriel. Muslims describe the peculiar behaviour of Gabriel and how Muhammad often found him distressing. Such peculiar stories makes one ask whether Muhammad really was in contact with an angel of God. We can all think about it.
- Gabriel used to recite the Koran once a year; this took place twice during the year he died (Muslim, Book 31, no. 6005).
- Gabriel's head was covered with dust after a fight (Bukhari, vol.4, book, 56, no. 2813).
- Gabriel came to the messenger of God wearing a silk turban on his head and riding a mule (Ibn Hisham: Profeetta Muhammadin elämäkerta [Sirat Rasul Allah], p. 313)
- In connection with Muhammad's trip to heaven, Gabriel pushed him three times on the heel (Ibn Hisham: Profeetta Muhammadin elämäkerta [Sirat Rasul Allah], p. 130) Muslims believe that a winged being, an intermediate of a mule and a donkey, took Muhammad to the mosque in Jerusalem during the same trip (Al-Aqsa).
This reference to the mosque in Jerusalem cannot be true, however, because the mosque in question was not built until between the years 710 and 720, around 80 years after Muhammad died. This is why Muhammad must have gone somewhere else during this peculiar trip, or his otherworldly trip never took place in reality.
- The traditions tell that when Muhammad first met the being calling himself the angel Gabriel, the angel strangled him and forced him to read some sentences from the current Koran out loud. This experience was distressing for Muhammad because he feared that he would die. Such coercions are common among people who are recurrently in contact with the spirit world. The longer their experiences continue, the more such coercions occur. This is very common in experiences with UFOs that many people find distressing.
The messenger of God has told the following himself:
Gabriel came to me when I was sleeping. He carried a silk blanket with writing on it. He said: “Read!” I asked, “What?” Then Gabriel pressed the blanket on me until I thought I was going to die. Then he released me and said again, “Read!”
I asked, “What?” Then Gabriel pressed the blanket on me until I thought I was going to die. Then he released me and said again, “Read!” I asked, “What?” Then Gabriel pressed the blanket on me until I thought I was going to die. Then he released me and said again, “Read!” I asked, “What should I read?”
I only said that so that
he would not do again the thing he did before.
Then Gabriel said [Kor
Recite! (or read!) In the name of your Lord Who created
- created man from clots of blood.
Recite! Your Lord is the Most Gracious,
Who taught by the pen,
taught man what he knew not.
I read this and he released me and left. I woke up from the dream; it was like the words had been written in my heart! (8)
Another quote describes how Muhammad was so afraid of angel Gabriel’s coming that he wanted others to cover him with a blanket. Since there are many such mentions of Gabriel, one must ask whether it could really be an angel from God. Muhammad himself explained:
Divine inspiration was gone for a short while but suddenly while walking I heard a voice from the heaven, and when I looked up, I was surprised to see the same angel that came to me in the Cave of Hira, and he was sitting on a chair between heaven and earth. I was so startled by his appearance that I fell down and then I came to my family and said, “Cover me! (with a blanket) Cover me!” ” (9)
How did Muhammad receive his revelations? There are several mentions on how Muhammad received his revelations in Islamic sources. The biography by Ibn Hisham describes how Muhammad was wrapped in a cloth and a pillow was placed under his head when a revelation came. It took some time for Muhammad to recuperate from this state. Furthermore, drops of perspiration were running on his forehead even though it was cold. One can note that the experience was not physically very pleasant:
By God, the emissary of God did not have time to leave his seat before he was overcome by the thing from God that used to overcome him. He was wrapped in a cloth and a leather pillow was placed under his head. When I saw this I was not, by God, fearful or worried because I knew that he was innocent and I knew that God would not do wrong me, but by Him in whose hands Aisha's life is, my parents almost died before the emissary of God recuperated because they feared that God would give a revelation that would prove what people said.
Then the emissary of God recuperated. Drops of perspiration were running on his forehead even though it was a cold day. He wiped the sweat off his forehead and said, “Rejoice, Aisha, for God has announced you innocent!” “Praise God!” I replied. Then he went out, talked to people and read the verse of the Koran about me that was given to him. (10)
Other sources describe the revelations given to Muhammad in more detail. One of them describes how “a divine revelation came to him (...) the prophet’s face was red and he breathed heavily for a while and then he felt better” (Bukhari, vol. 6, book 66, no. 4985.0).
Below is some more information about this. What is important about these examples, as those examples above, is that Muhammad felt anxious. He was restless and confused and his face distorted. He nodded his head and his followers did the same. Such examples – of which there are many – suggest that the revelations were often trying on Muhammad.
Aisha once asked Muhammad what kind of an experience receiving a revelation is, and he replied, “Sometimes it feels like a bell tolling, this form of inspiration is the hardest, and then the state passes once I understand what has been announced to me. Sometimes an angel comes in the form of a man and talks to me, and I understand him whatever he says.” (11) He explained another time: “A revelation comes to me in two ways – Gabriel brings it to me and mediates it to me like a man gives information to another, and it makes me restless. And it is revealed to me like the tolling of a bell until it penetrates my heart, and this does not make me restless.” (12) Aisha noted, “When a revelation came to the emissary of Allah (peace be upon him), his forehead was damp with sweat even if it was a cold day.” (13) Also, when the inspiration came to him “he felt like a burden was bringing him down and thus his face changed colour” and “he lowered his head and his companions also lowered their heads and when (this state) passed, he raised his head back up”. (14)
Al Hadis, vol 4. s. 360 Obadab-b-Swamet told that when the prophet received a revelation, he became very confused and his face changed. When he was preaching a revelation, he nodded his head and his followers did the same.
Why did Muhammad start to receive revelations? Many Muslims sincerely believe that God chose Muhammad and this is why he started to receive revelations. They believe that he was a prophet authorised by God and no other explanation is necessary. They do not consider it possible that Muhammad could have received the revelations from any other party than Gabriel, an angel of God.
However, there is one thing that is in common to Muhammad’s life and the lives of many mediums: passive reflection, i.e. meditation. They regularly practiced some form of meditation until an angel or spirit came to them. For Muhammad, it was the angel who called himself Gabriel, but beings by other names have come to other people. This can be observed in many of the Japanese religions, for example: they started when a person meditated for a long time. After this long meditation they saw a spiritual being. The person started to listen to what the spiritual being or angel said, thus starting a new religious movement. The Christian sect of Mormons started in such a way, when an angel called Moroni came to Joseph Smith.
The next quotes refer to this
subject. The first of them (from a book defending the Islamic faith)
notes that Muhammad was in a deep meditative state when the angel came to him.
The second quote, however, is about how Kenneth R. Wade noticed that almost
every medium he met had first been contacted by the spirit world or a spirit
guide while practicing some form of Oriental meditation. These quotes are
clearly congruent. Muhammad’s experiences are not very different from the
experiences of mediums.
At this point, Muhammad was almost 40 years of age. He saw conflicts, illegal acts, desire for pleasure, cruelty and moral degradation around him, and this made him more and more horrified. He started to regularly visit the Cave of Hira that is located around a mile from Mecca to meditate. He usually went there alone but sometimes Khadija or Zaid accompanied him. He sat in the cave all night without moving, in a deep meditative state.
(...) After experiencing his first revelation, Muhammad was, according to his biographies and commentaries, very anxious. He still continued to visit the Cave of Hira, however, and he was in a deep state of meditation and melancholy when he experienced his second revelation. (15)
"Almost every one of the channels and mediums whom I have examined had their initial connection with the guiding spirit when they practiced some form of Oriental meditation. The shamans also use some spell or mantra in order to get into trances, whereby they get connected to the spirit world." (16)
MUHAMMAD'S LIFE. One could assume that the fruit of the prophet Muhammad’s life would have been, above all else, because he is considered to be the seal of the prophets and even greater and holier than Jesus. This should be obvious if his task was more important than anyone else's on earth.
There is a contradiction here, however: one cannot say that Muhammad led an exemplary life. This is proven by the following words and actions:
He killed several of his opponents and people who mocked him.
This goes against what Jesus said because Jesus taught us to love our enemies. In addition, he taught that if we only love those who love us back, it is nothing special. Muhammad did the opposite. (Matt 5:44-48): But I say to you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which spitefully use you, and persecute you; That you may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he makes his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the just and on the unjust. For if you love them which love you, what reward have you? do not even the publicans the same? And if you salute your brothers only, what do you more than others? do not even the publicans so? Be you therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect."
Furthermore, the messenger of God ordered Abdallah ibn Khatal, who also used to be a Muslim, to be killed. God’s messenger had sent him to collect doles with a trapper...
Ibn Khatal had two slave girls, Fartana and another. They used to sing mocking songs about the emissary of God. The emissary of God ordered to kill them as well.
He also ordered them to kill al-Huwairith ibn Nuqaidh who tormented him in Mecca. (…) The emissary of God also ordered them to kill Miquas ibn Subaba because he killed a trapper in revenge of his brother who was accidentally killed and then went back to the Quraysh to worship many gods.
He also ordered them to kill Sara, a female maula who was part of the clan of a man called Abdalmuttalib, and Ikrima ibn Abi Jahl. Sara was one of the people who tormented the emissary of God in Mecca. (Ibn Hisham: Profeetta Muhammadin elämäkerta, p. 390)
Ibn Habanm Sahih vol.14 p. 529 Muhammad said, I swear by Him who holds my soul in His hands that I have not come to you other than to butcher.
Ikrima said: Ali burned some, and the news of this reached Ibn Abbas, who said: If I had been in this place, I would not have burned them, as the Prophet said, “Do not punish anyone with the punishment of Allah,” no doubt I would have killed them, for the Prophet said, “If anyone changes his religion of Islam, kill him” (Sahit Bukhari 9:84:57)
I have been sent with me the shortest phrases with the broadest meanings and I have been made victorious through terror, and while I slept I was brought the keys to the treasures of the world and laid in my hands. (Bukhari 4: 52: 220).
Musnad. vol. 2 p. 50 The prophet said, I was sent towards the Day of Judgement with a sword, and my living is shadowed by a spear, humiliation and subordination shall be the part of those who fail to obey me.
He told his followers to lie so that they could kill their adversaries.
Revelation tells us, however, that liars and murderers will not get into the kingdom of God: Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city. For without are dogs, and sorcerers, and fornicators, and murderers, and idolaters, and whoever loves and makes a lie. (Rev 22:14,15).
He finally went back to Medina and harassed Muslim women with his love poems. The emissary of God asked, “Who will take care of Ibn al-Ashraf on my behalf?” Muhammad ibn Maslama replied, “I will do it, emissary of God, I will kill him.” “Do that if you can,” the emissary of God said.
Muhammad ibn Maslama left. He did not eat or drink for three days other than to keep himself alive. When the emissary of God heard about this, he asked Muhammad ibn Maslama, “Why have you stopped eating and drinking?” Muhammad ibn Maslama replied, “Emissary of God, I promised something to you and I do not know whether I can do it!” The emissary of God replied, “You must at least try!” Muhammad ibn Maslama elaborated, “Emissary of God, we must at least lie!” “Say what you will,” replied the emissary of God, “you are given the permission to do so!”
Then Muhammad ibn Maslama made a deal on killing Ka’bi with some men. The men were Abu Na’ila Silkan ibn Salama, Abbad ibn Bishr, al-Harith ibn Aus and Abu Abs ibn Jabr. (Ibn Hisham: Profeetta Muhammadin elämäkerta, p. 250)
He cursed people and prayed for God to turn against them.
This goes against what Paul taught and how he lived, for example. He wrote: … being reviled, we bless…(1 Cor 4:12) and: Bless them which persecute you: bless, and curse not.… Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good (Rom 12:14,21).
Peter also taught the same as Paul: Not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing: but contrariwise blessing; knowing that you are thereunto called, that you should inherit a blessing. For he that will love life, and see good days, let him refrain his tongue from evil, and his lips that they speak no guile: Let him eschew evil, and do good; let him seek peace, and ensue it (1 Peter 3:9-11).
The emissary of God stayed in Tabuk for around a dozen days and then returned to Medina.
On the way, there was a place on the bed of River Mushaqqaq in which enough water trickled from the rock for a couple of riders to drink. Before the Muslims arrived there, the emissary of God said, “If someone gets to the riverbed before us, he may not be allowed to drink even a single drop before we have arrived.”
A group of pretenders reached the river before him. They drank all the water, and there was no water left in the rock when the emissary of God arrived. The emissary of God said, “Did I not forbid them from drinking before I arrived!” He cursed them and prayed God to turn against them. (Ibn Hisham: Profeetta Muhammadin elämäkerta, p. 425)
He pillaged caravans and sold people. He used the money he got to buy horses and weapons.
Paul wrote: Let him that stole steal no more: but rather let him labor, working with his hands the thing which is good, that he may have to give to him that needs (Eph 4:28).
The Bible also teaches that thieves will not inherit the kingdom of God: Know you not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortionists, shall inherit the kingdom of God (1 Cor 6:9.10).
Then the emissary of God heard that Abu Sufyan ibn Harb was coming from Syria with a large Quraysh caravan. The caravan carried plenty of Quraysh property and their trading goods, and it was escorted by three or four dozen Quraysh.
The messenger of God called the Muslims to him and said, “The Quraysh caravan is wealthy. Let us meet them; maybe God will give it to us as loot.” The Muslims answered his call, some eagerly and others reluctantly because they did not believe that the messenger of God would end up in war.
(...) The emissary of God shared the loot from the Quraysh and their women and children with the Muslims. That day he declared the shares of the cavalrymen and infantry and took a fifth of the loot. (...) Then the emissary of God sent the Quraysh prisoners with Sa’d ibn Zaid to Najd to be sold. With the money thus obtained, Sa’d bought horses and weaponry. (Ibn Hisham: Profeetta Muhammadin elämäkerta, p. 209, 324)
He bribed people into turning into Muslims. 9:60 of the Koran refers to this: In fact the sadaqat (Zakah) collection is for the poor, the helpless, those employed to administer the funds, those whose hearts need to be won over to the truth…
The emissary of God gave a share of the loot to people whose hearts needed to be bent to Islam. He made them and through them their peoples favourable. He gave up to a hundred camels to some people of Mecca, such as Abu Sufyan, and to others he gave less. (Ibn Hisham: Profeetta Muhammadin elämäkerta, p. 413)
He married Aisha when she was nine years old. At that time, Muhammad was around 52 years of age. Such a relationship is usually considered paedophilic in the Western countries.
Ursa said: The Prophet asked Abu Bakr for Aisha's hand to marry her. Abu Bakr said: "But I am your brother." The Prophet said, “You are my brother in the religion of Allah and in His Book, but Aisha is legal to me for marriage.” (Bukhari Part 7, Book 62, No. 18.)
Aisha said the Prophet married her when she was six years old, and when she was nine years old, the Prophet carried out his marriage and she [Aisha] stayed with him for nine years [until the death of Muhammad]. (Bukhari Part 7, Book 62, No. 64.) [Aisha was thus eighteen years old when Muhammad died. He lived to be sixty-five years old.]
The Hadith also tells how Muhammad taught women to breastfeed adult men. Sahih Muslim talks about a couple of such cases. The same things can be found elsewhere (Salim Muslim 8: 3427, 3428 / Imam Malik's Muwattai, Book 30, No. 30.1.8; Book 30, No. 30.2.12; Book 30, No. 30.2.13; Book 30, No. 30.2. 14):
Aisha narrated that Sahla bint Suhail came to the Apostle of Allah and said, “Messenger of Allah, I see in the face of Abu Hudhaifa [signs of disgust] when Salim [ally] arrives at our house,” to which the Apostle of Allah replied, “Breastfeed him.” She said, "How can I breastfeed him when she is an adult man?" The Apostle of Allah smiled and said, “I know that he is a young man.” (Sahih Muslim 8: 3424)
Aisha said that Salim, Abu Hudhaifan’s free slave, lived with him and his family in their house. She [Suhail's daughter] came to the Apostle of Allah and said, "Salim has attained the age of a man as men reach, and he understands what they understand, and he enters the house freely." However, I find that something is biting the heart of Abu Hudhaifa, which is why the Apostle of Allah said to him, “Breastfeed him and you will not be illegal to him, and what Abu Hudhaifa feels in his heart will disappear.” She went away and said, “I breastfed him and what was in the heart of Abu Hadhaifa was gone.” (Sahih Muslim 8: 3425).
The next interview tells us more about the life of Muhammad:
You have pointed to a Hadith that instructs women to breastfeed men. What exactly is going on here and what do the ulema (prominent Muslim theologians past and present) have to say?
– This is a perfect example of what I just said. After I revealed the Islamic notion that women must “breastfeed” strange men in order to be in their presence, which is in conflict with their other holy writings, the ulema attacked me. Why? Because they have no answer. It is much easier for them to turn the matter around and slander me, instead of simply addressing their own texts.
Why should women do this?
– Because Muhammad said so. Who created such a practice? Muhammad. Why? Who knows; the texts say he laughed after commanding the woman to breastfeed men. Maybe he was joking around, trying to see how far people will believe in him as a prophet? The Hadith compilers wrote it down, preserving it for later generations. As for what purpose does it serve, one can ask that question about any number of things Muhammad said: what purpose does drinking camel urine serve? What purpose does banning music serve? What purpose does cursing dogs serve? What purpose does commanding people to eat only with their right hands, never their left, serve? What purpose does commanding Muslims to lick all their fingers after eating serve? Simple: sharia law’s totalitarian approach serves to brainwash Muslims, making them automatons that never question their religion, or, in the words of their own Koran, “Do not ask questions that may prove harmful to you.”
Tell us a bit about Muhammad’s life as documented by Islamic sources.
– This is a very embarrassing topic for me to discuss; and I only do so out of my love for Muslims – though I know it is painful for them to hear. Yet such is how healing begins, through initial pain and suffering. In short, according to Islam’s scriptures, Muhammad was, well, a pervert: he used to suck on the tongues of young boys and girls; he dressed in women’s clothing (and received “revelations” in this state); he had at least 66 “wives”; Allah supposedly sent him special “revelations” allowing him to have sex with his step-daughter-in-law, Zainab, and to have more wives than the rest of Muslims; he constantly spoke and was obsessed by sex – his first question to a “talking donkey” was if the latter “liked sex”— (...) and he had sex with a dead woman. Again, I stress, it is not I who maintains this but rather Islam’s own books – many, of course, not known to non-Arabic readers, as they have never been translated. (...) According to the Koran alone (33:37), Allah made it legitimate for Muhammad to marry his own daughter-in-law, whom he lusted after. A few verses later (33:50), Allah made it legitimate for Muhammad to have sex with any woman who “offered” herself to him— a privilege, which was allowed for Muhammad alone. Indeed, these “revelations” which granted Muhammad all his sexual desires were so frequent (...) (17)
He received revelations that guaranteed him the fulfilment of all his desires. There are a couple of such cases in chapter 33 of the Koran. In one of the cases, Allah gave him permission to marry Zainab, the wife of his adopted son. He met his daughter-in-law when she was almost naked and this awakened his desire. Such an act, marrying one’s own daughter-in-law, was considered wrong by most people living in Arabic areas at that time.
Another section of the same chapter relates that Allah allowed Muhammad to take more wives than other Muslim brothers who were only allowed four wives. Thus, Muhammad had more wives than other Muslim men. Traditions say that Muhammad’s young wife Aisha once said in a bitterly sarcastic tone, “Boy, how busy God is fulfilling your wishes!” This statement is considered to have arisen from the fact that Muhammad received the revelation that allowed him to take more wives. Aisha felt that Muhammad received opportune revelations that allowed him to justify what he wanted to do.
O Prophet, remember when you said to the one (Zaid, Prophet's adopted son) whom Allah as well as you had favored: "Keep your wife in wedlock and fear Allah." You sought to hide in your heart what Allah intended to reveal; you were afraid of the people whereas it would have been more appropriate to fear Allah. So when Zaid divorced his wife, We gave her to you in marriage, so that there remains no hindrance for the believers to wed the wives of their adopted sons if they divorced them. And Allah’s Command had to be carried out. There can be no blame attached to the Prophet for doing what is sanctioned for him by Allah. Such has been the way of Allah with those who have gone before; and the decrees of Allah are preordained. Those who are charged with the mission of conveying the message of Allah are to fear Him, they are supposed to fear none but Allah; for Allah is sufficient to settle their account. Muhammad is not the father of any of your men (he is not going to leave any male heirs). He is the Messenger of Allah and the Seal of the Prophets. Allah has the knowledge of all things. (33:37-40)
O Prophet! We have made lawful to you the wives to whom you have given their dowers; and those ladies whom your right hands possess (from the prisoners of war) whom Allah has assigned to you; and the daughters of your paternal uncles and aunts, and the daughters of your maternal uncles and aunts, who have migrated with you; and the believing woman who gave herself to the Prophet if the Prophet desires to marry her - this permission is only for you and not for the other believers; We know what restrictions We have imposed on the other believers concerning their wives and those whom their right hands possess. We have granted you this privilege as an exception so that no blame may be attached to you. Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. (33:50)
He praised himself and was proud.
Paul wrote (Phil 2:3): Let nothing be done through strife or vainglory; but in lowliness of mind let each esteem other better than themselves. The Bible also says (James 4:6) that "God resists the proud, but gives grace to the humble".
Al Hadis, vol 4. p. 323 as told by Abbas. “The holy prophet got onto the pulpit and asked his listeners, Who am I? They replied, You are the messenger of Allah. Muhammad replied, I am Muhammad, son of Abdullah, the son of Abdullah Muttalib. Allah made his creations and made me the best of them. He divided them into two groups and placed me in the best of the two. Then He divided them into tribes and made my tribe the best. Then He divided them into families and put me in the best one. I am the best family member and my family is the best family.
Sahih Muslim. Book 004, no. 1062,1063,1066 and 1067. As told by Abu Huraira: The emissary of Allah said, I have been made supreme over other prophets in six venerable issues (respect): I have been given words that are understandable and versatile if brief; I have been assisted with terror in the hearts of adversaries, pillages have been made legal to me, the land has been made pure for me and a place of worship, I have been sent to all people and the chain of prophets is locked in me.
FRUIT OF MUHAMMAD’S LIFE. Muslims believe that Muhammad is a prophet sent by God, more important than, for example, Jesus or any other person who ever lived on the earth. They believe that he was important even though there is plenty of information proving that his life was morally low. Such could naturally not be expected of the most important prophet of them all.
What about the Bible’s teachings about true and false prophets? Jesus has said that there is one criterion upon which one can assess the lives of people and prophets: "You shall know them by their fruits." Jesus taught this and Paul wrote about the same subject:
- (Matt 7:15-20) Beware of false prophets, which come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly they are ravening wolves.
16 You shall know them by their fruits. Do men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles?
17 Even so every good tree brings forth good fruit; but a corrupt tree brings forth evil fruit.
18 A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit, neither can a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit.
19 Every tree that brings not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire.
20 Why by their fruits you shall know them.
- (Gal 5:19-23) Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness,
20 Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, jealousies, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies,
21 Contentions, murders, drunkenness, revelings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.
22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, long-suffering, gentleness, goodness, faith,
23 Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law.
- (1 John 4:1-3) Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world.
2 Hereby know you the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God:
3 And every spirit that confesses not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is that spirit of antichrist, whereof you have heard that it should come; and even now already is it in the world.
Finally, let’s study research into the life of Muhammad done by an extremist Muslim. He reports that Muhammad’s life was lacking and that Muhammad was far from perfect. Such findings question Muhammad’s infallibility as the most important prophet.
We will compare this quote with Paul’s life: a person who was an apostle to heathens. If we compare the fruit of Paul’s life to the fruit of Muhammad’s life, we can see that Paul was better than Muhammad at least when it comes to love:
I then started to study the infallibility of Muhammad. There are such biographies as Al-Seera AI-Halabija, AI-Tabakaat AI-Kubra, and Seraat Ibn Hisham that talk about this, and also commentaries from where you can read the comments on Sura 16:67, “Likewise in the fruits of the date-palm and the grapes, from which you derive intoxicants and wholesome food.” Many reliable traditions clearly say that Muhammad drank wine and advised his friends to dilute wine with water if it was very strong. He used to eat meat that the Kuraish tribe had sacrificed to heathen gods on the stone of Caba. He accepted things forbidden by God and forbade things allowed by God. He made eyes at his friends’ wives, and took them as his wives without hesitating if someone pleased him. On the day of Kheibar (a bloody fight near Mecca), Safiya, Yehia Ibn Akhtabin's daughter, was given to Abdallah Ibn Umar to be his wife but Muhammad took her to be his own wife. Muhammad also took as his wife Gahsh’s daughter Zainab, who was the wife of Muhammad’ foster-child, Zaid.
All of these events disgraced that holy picture which was given of Muhammad and destroyed his holy position, which I had in my mind connected with prophet Muhammad. Honestly said, all of these findings were very painful to me.
Even though I found out a lot about Muhammad, I still hoped that I could find such virtues from Islam to which I could cling onto and continue to be a Muslim. It was very difficult for me to give up the religion of my childhood. Odd feelings of fear, confusion, and embarrassment filled my mind when I played with the thought of abandoning Islam. (18)
References to the life of Apostle Paul
- (2 Cor 12:14-15) Behold, the third time I am ready to come to you; and I will not be burdensome to you: for I seek not yours but you: for the children ought not to lay up for the parents, but the parents for the children.
15 And I will very gladly spend and be spent for you; though the more abundantly I love you, the less I be loved.
- (2 Cor 2:3-4) And I wrote this same to you, lest, when I came, I should have sorrow from them of whom I ought to rejoice; having confidence in you all, that my joy is the joy of you all.
4 For out of much affliction and anguish of heart I wrote to you with many tears; not that you should be grieved, but that you might know the love which I have more abundantly to you.
- (Rom 9:1-3) I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Ghost,
2 That I have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my heart.
3 For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brothers, my kinsmen according to the flesh
- (2 Tim 3:10-11) But you have fully known my doctrine, manner of life, purpose, faith, long-suffering, charity, patience,
11 Persecutions, afflictions, which came to me at Antioch, at Iconium, at Lystra; what persecutions I endured: but out of them all the Lord delivered me.
- (Phil 3:17) Brothers, be followers together of me, and mark them which walk so as you have us for an ensample.
1. The interview of Father Zakarias
2. Ibn Sa’d, vol. l. 489
3. Ibn Ishaq, 106
4. Bukhari, vol. 6, book 65, no. 4953
5. Ibn Ishaq, 106
6. Robert Spencer: Totuus Muhammedista (The Truth About Muhammad), p. 56,57
7. Ibn Hisham: Profeetta Muhammadin elämäkerta (Sirat Rasul Allah), p. 39
8. Ibn Hisham: Profeetta Muhammadin elämäkerta (Sirat Rasul Allah), p. 70,71
9. Bukhari, vol. 4, book 59, no. 3238
10. Ibn Hisham: Profeetta Muhammadin elämäkerta (Sirat Rasul Allah), p. 343
11. Bukhari, vol. 1, book 1, no. 2
12. Ibn Sa’d, vol. l, 228
13. Imam Muslim, Sahih Muslim, Abdul Hamid Siddiqi, trans., Kitab Bhavan, revised edition 2000, book 30, no. 5764.
14. Muslim, book 30, nos. 5766 and 5767.
15. Ziauddin Sardar: Mihin uskovat muslimit? (What Do Muslims Believe?), p. 34,36
16. Kenneth R. Wade: "Uuden aikakauden salaisuudet: new age", p. 137
17. The interview of Father Zakarias
18. Ismaelin lapset, p. 93,94
Ibn Hisham: Profeetta Muhammadin elämäkerta (Sirat Rasul Allah)
Ismaelin lapset (THE CHILDREN OF ISMAEL)
Pekka Sartola: Islam, ystävä vai vihollinen?
Robert Spencer: Totuus Muhammedista (The Truth About Muhammad)
Muslims’ objections to the Christian faith, such as the reliability of the Bible, the deity of Jesus, and the death of the cross. Why are Muslims wrong?
Jesus is the way, the truth and the life
Grap to eternal life!
Muslims’ objections to the Christian faith, such as the reliability of the Bible, the deity of Jesus, and the death of the cross. Why are Muslims wrong?