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Islam and Jesus

 

 

Muslims ’objections to the Christian faith, such as the reliability of the Bible, the deity of Jesus, and the death of the cross. Why are Muslims wrong?
 
 
Foreword

 

The subject of this writing is Muslims and especially how they view the Christian faith. They usually have strong prejudices and objections against the message of the Gospel, especially on such matters as the reliability of the Bible and the status of Jesus, which may prevent them from receiving the Gospel.

   They think that the Bible is not in its original form but it has been changed and twisted in the past, and also the Koran has displaced the Bible. As comes to Jesus, they think he did not die on the cross, that he is not the Son of God or in any way equal with God; in other words, they deny all these basic principles of faith associated with Jesus. They also have other misconceptions (among other things, they connect Christianity with the Western world), and for that reason they do not want in any way to study this matter more closely.

   The most common objections that Muslims can have are dealt with below. We will especially try to answer these questions with the help of the Bible but we also use the holy book of the Muslims, the Koran. The issues that we are going to deal with are certainly important for everyone.

 

 

1. Is the Bible in its original form or has it been changed?
2. Did Jesus die on cross?
3. "You serve three gods"
4. Have there been any prophesies about Muhammad?
5. Ahmadism
6. How can we receive the forgiveness of sins?
 

 

 

1. Is the Bible in its original form or has it been changed?

 

One of the most common claims made by Muslims is that the Bible is not in its original form today; it was changed and distorted at some point. Many Muslims may agree that the Bible in its original form was correct and accurately reported the word of God; but then it was changed so much afterwards that it cannot be trusted anymore. They have said that the Koran has replaced the writings of the Bible so we do not need the Bible anymore. The Koran represents the final truth, the correct text, so why think it worthwhile to read other writings?

   But is this the truth? Have we any reason to believe it? We will study this issue in the light of the following examples:

                                                          

What does THE Koran say? When we begin to study this matter, it is good to start with the Koran that Muslims regard as their holy book. It is significant that the Koran nowhere indicates that the Bible has been changed. On the contrary, the Koran advises us to believe in the Bible. As a matter of fact, according to the Koran, no one can even be a decent Muslim if he does not believe in these earlier writings such as the Torah, Psalms and the Gospel (4:136). The Koran indicates that in these writings now  – not only at a some point earlier in time – can be found guidance and light, and that in addition to this, later writings prove the earlier ones right. This certainly would not have been said if these writings had been regarded as fakes at that time.

   We must, therefore, understand that at an early stage of Islam, there were no doubts about these books. They were not believed to have been changed. For if the Koran advises people to believe in them, they must have been in the original and pure form in the mind of the people at that time; otherwise, we would not find this advice in the Koran.

   If we consider that these Biblical writings were changed after the time of Muhammad, we can soon rule that possibility out as being impossible. Already during the time of Muhammad, there were hundreds of thousands of whole and partial copies of the New Testament around the world, so how would anyone have been able to change and falsify all these copies consistently and simultaneously? Would they not all have had to have been collected together and changed in the same way? This is quite impossible, especially if we consider the fact that the same sacred writings were already translated into several languages and had already spread around the world.

   If we consider that the writings referred to were falsified, then we face the possibility that the Koran and the following passages are lies, and/or the Prophet Muhammad is a liar. These are serious allegations, especially if Muhammad is the seal of the prophets and the Koran is the Book of God sent from Heaven:

 

Believers, have faith in God and His apostle, in the Book He has revealed to His apostle, and in the Scriptures He formerly revealed. He that denies God, His angels, His Scriptures, His apostles, and the Last Day has gone far astray. (4:136)

 

We have revealed the Torah, in which there is guidance and light. By it the prophets who surrendered themselves judged the Jews, and so did the rabbis and the divines, according to God’s Book which had been committed to their keeping and to which they themselves were witnesses…

   After them We sent forth Jesus, the son of Mary, confirming the Torah already revealed, and gave him the Gospel, in which there is guidance and light, corroborating what was revealed before it in the Torah, a guide and an admonition to the righteous.

   Therefore let those who follow the Gospel judge according to what God has revealed therein. Evil-doers are those that do not base their judgements on God’s revelations. (5:44,46,47)

 

Say: ‘We believe in God and that which is revealed to us; in what was revealed to Abraham and Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, and the tribes; to Moses and Jesus and the other prophets by their Lord. We make no distinction among any of them, and to God we have surrendered ourselves.’ (2:136)

 

Children of Israel!… Have faith in My revelations, which confirm your Scriptures, and do not be the first to deny them. Do not sell My revelations for a paltry price; fear Me. (2:40,41)

 

Be courteous when you argue with the People of the Book, except with those among them why do evil. Say: ‘We believe in that which is revealed to us and which was revealed to you. Our God and your God is one. To Him we surrender ourselves.’ (29:46)

 

He has revealed to you the Book with the Truth, confirming the scriptures which preceded it; for He has already revealed the Torah and the Gospel for the guidance of men, and the distinction between right and wrong. Those that deny God’s revelations shall be sternly punished; God is mighty and capable of revenge. (3:3,4)

 

- See. Also! 2:4,91,97, 101 / 3:81,84 / 4:47,162 / 5:48 / 34:31 / 40:53,54 / 46:30.

 

CAN God NOT preserve his word? In the paragraph above, we mentioned that the Koran teaches that the older writings have remained unchanged, so the Koran also emphasizes that no one can change the words of God:

 

Proclaim what is revealed to you in the Book of your Lord. None can change His words. You shall find no refuge besides Him. (18:27)

 

Perfected are the words of your Lord in truth and justice. None can change His words. He hears all and knows all. (6:115)

 

Those that have faith and keep from evil shall rejoice both in this world and in the hereafter: the Word of God shall never change. That is the supreme triumph. (10:63, 64)

 

So if God is almighty, great, and strong (The Koran: 2:106 and 59:23 24), and nobody can change His words, how can the alleged change of the earlier writings be factual? By whom and how were they changed? When were they changed? Why did God permit these changes?

   If God’s will was originally to send His infallible Word, why did He send it if He knew someone would immediately change it? Why did He originally give it to us if He knew in His almighty power that people would immediately falsify His words? This is a contradiction. Both cannot be true.

   Seen from another perspective, if God’s power was too weak to preserve the truth of His Word, then why should we consider the Koran to be reliable? Is it not possible that similar changes were made in the Koran? Is it not reasonable to suspect that changes were also made in earlier Koranic writings?  These are reasonable questions, and they should be considered. The next text addresses this concern:

 

Basil replied: “We believe in these words because we are Muslims. No one tries to study the possibility of a fake in a neutral and objective way by asking, ‘Did God send the Old Testament, the Psalms, and the New Testament from Heaven?’.” After my replying to the affirmative, Basil continued. “Is there anyone who can change the words of God?” I reminded him of verses in the Koran that mention that we cannot change the words of God. Neither people nor angels can change them because God is omnipotent, almighty, and the most powerful, and He protects His books. To this Basil remarked, “So, nobody can change His words; so how did He allow all his holy books to be falsified, except one? How did He allow the falsification of the Old Testament that was sent to Moses? How did He allow the changing of the Psalms that were sent to David? And finally, how did God allow the changing of the Bible that was sent to Jesus (Isa)? Is it possible that 600 years later, when many generations had already lived and died with faked holy books, God were to send a Book that no one can falsify? Suddenly God becomes Omnipotent and Almighty and suddenly He preserves His Word from falsifiers! For a long time, all His books had been falsified and His servants had gone astray. How then could God – who was unable to preserve His own Book from falsifiers, changes, and spoiling – be able to preserve people who worship Him?”

   I thought about these questions and I have no solutions or an answer that would save God from the difficulty that He had caused Himself. (1)

 

When were the changes made? As stated, many Muslims believe that the Bible has changed in many places. As such, they especially consider passages related to the Deity of Jesus, the Trinity, and the crucifixion of Jesus. Instead, they can consider as trustworthy and the word of God a few books of the prophets as well as those episodes related to the oneness of God, judgment, and reward. They usually accept these teachings.

    The problem with the previous thinking is just that no Muslim can say when the changes were made, who made them and where. If it is claimed that changes have taken place, an easy answer should be found to these questions. Likewise, the original texts to which the changes were later made should be found. However, it has been impossible. A former Muslim talks about the same subject:

 

“Begum,” the man began, “is one thing that bothers me in those Muslims who convert to Christianity. And that is the Bible. After all, we all know that the New Testament of Christians has been modified from the text God gave it. ”

   He presented me with the main accusations of Islam against the Bible; it had been altered, he said, so that today's version was unreliable. According to Muslims, the original had been in accordance with the Qur’an.

   “I hope you don’t find me superficial,” I said, “but I’d really like to know one thing. I have often heard people say that the Bible has been altered, but no one has ever told who has done it. When were the changes made and at to what points? ”

   My guest leaned back and looked up at the logs on the ceiling and tapped the armrest of the chair with his finger. He did not answer. I am afraid I took the opportunity of the case, because, to my knowledge, there are no answers to these questions.

   “Listen,” I continued, citing my research on the matter. - The British Museum has ancient Bibles published about 300 years before Muhammad was born. In all matters where Christianity and Islamism differ, the text of these old translations is similar to that in the present Bible. Experts say that in no important fundamentals has the Bible changed from the original. For me personally, it is very important because for me the Bible has become a living word. It speaks to my soul and nourishes it. It guides me… ”

   My guest stood up in the middle of my sentence.

   “… And so,” I continued, “it is really very important for me to know where I am being deceived. Can you say? ”

   “You talk about the word as if it were a human being,” my guest said.

   “I believe Christ lives if you mean it,” I said. “The Qur’an says that Christ is the word of God. I think it would be interesting to talk about it with you even more. ”

   "I have to leave now." (2)

 

The following discussion is on the same subject; how can a modern muslim know what is the word of God and what is not? For when the general belief in Islam is that Muhammad is the seal of the prophets (33:40), after which no new revelation is given, where does the modern Muslim get his knowledge? How does he know which parts have changed, which have not, and which part is the word of God, which is not? He should have concrete answers to these questions.

 

… Deedad sat next to Sjöberg and someone asked him a question:

   - What do you think of yesterday's debate?

   "Yes, by the way, but I had a too tight schedule," Deedad lamented. - Sjöberg had an advantage because I had to speak first.

   - So you admit you lost the argument, someone threw.

   - I didn't say that.

   The Dagen reporter then asked:

   - Yesterday you said that the Bible is not the word of God. Today, you said something along the lines that it is. What do you mean? Which of your statements is true?

   - Well, I meant that part of the Bible is the word of God and part is not…

   Then Abu's hand bounced up. As a former Muslim, he knew what Deedad was aiming for. After getting right to speak, he turned to the professor and said:

   - You just said that the Bible is partly the word of God and partly not. I am a former Muslim. I've got my sins forgiven through faith in Jesus of the Bible. I would like to ask you, how do you know what part of the Bible is the word of God and what is not? Have you received a revelation from God about this?

   The question was awkward for Muslims. Abu knew that according to the Qur’an, no new divine revelation was promised after Muhammad. If Deedad replied that he had received divine revelation, he would be in conflict with the Qur’an. If he replied that he had not been notified, he would still be moving on weak ice. Deedad was silent for a couple of minutes and thought. Then he looked at Abu sternly and gasped:

   - The next question. (3)

 

THE EVIDENCE SUPPORTING THE ORIGINALITY OF TEXTS. Many Muslims believe that the Bible is not in its original form. They believe this despite the fact that none of them can say which passages were changed, or when and by whom the changes were made. Though their belief is not supported by facts, they continue to insist that Biblical text was changed at some point in the past.

   On the other hand, we have several sources for our confidence in the accuracy of the Holy Bible. Among them are:

 

The abundant number of manuscripts. Although the original texts of the New Testament have not survived, many copies from quite early times have been preserved, and these show that the text is the same. As a general rule, the greater the number of preserved manuscripts of a text, the easier it is to verify its original form.

   Over 24,000 Greek and other early (100 - 400 A.D.) manuscripts of the New Testament or parts of the New Testament exist. When compared with the second-longest antique text, the Iliad of Homer (of which only 643 documents survive) – these early manuscripts represent a huge sample –, almost 40 times greater than the Iliad texts. Another example, texts from the war of Caesar in Gaul, includes just 10 documents, a very small number compared with the number of New Testament documents. Still, nobody doubts the reliability of these works. The following list describes the number of copies still available (information from Christianity: Hoax or History? by Josh McDowell):

 

Number of copies / Work
10 / Caesar
20 / Livius
7 / Plato (tetralogy])
20 / Tacitus (annals)
1 / Tacitus (smaller works)
7 / Pliny the Younger (history)
8 / Thukydides (history)
8 / Suetonius (De Vita Caesarum)
8 / Herodotus (history)
    / Horace
193 / Sophocles
2 / Lucretius
3 / Catullus
9 / Euripides
200 / Demosthenes
49 / Aristotle
10 / Aristophanes
643 / Homer (Ilias)
More than 24,000 / New Testament

 

Short interval. The time interval between an original text and its earliest copy can provide insight into the quality of its preservation. Generally, the shorter the interval between creation of an original text and its earliest copy, the more probable it is that the text was not changed.

   In this respect, the New Testament stands in good position. The average interval between creation of original works and their earliest copy is approximately 1,000 years. For New Testament books, only decades (depending on the time when the Gospel of John was written) separate the original from its copies -- a considerably shorter period than for the other texts. This short interval and the large number of preserved copies prove that New Testament texts have survived in their original form.

   The following list shows the interval between original and earliest copy of various texts of antiquity (information from Christianity: Hoax or History? by Josh McDowell):

 

The time interval between the original text and the earliest copy
1000
y / Caesar
            / Livius
1200 y/ Plato (tetralogy])
1000 y/ Tacitus (annals)
900 y/ Tacitus (smaller works)
750 y/ Pliny the Younger (history)
1300 y/ Thukydides (history)
800 y/ Suetonius (De Vita Caesarum)
1300 y/ Herodotus (history)
900 y/ Horatius
1400 y/ Sophocles
100 y/ Lucretius
1600 y/ Catullus
1500 y/ Euripides
1300 y/ Demosthenes
1400 y/ Aristotle
1200 y/ Aristophanes
500 y/ Homer (Iliad)
25 y/ New Testament

 

The same text. New Testament texts were preserved in many old manuscripts, and there are very few differences – so few that from a practical point of view they are insignificant. When it comes to the uniformity of the texts, F.C. Grant stated:

 

To an attentive reader it is apparent, that (…) checking has not affected even one doctrine of Christian faith because of the simple reason that from the group of thousands of ays of reading the manuscripts there has not appeared even one that would require checking of the Christian doctrine. (4)

 

Also, Sir Frederic Kenyon commented on the same issue:

 

The interval of the original writing and the earliest preserved evidence is so short that it is insignificant, and the last ground for doubting that the Bible has been essentially altered is now removed. The authenticity of the books of the New Testament, that they are genuine and unchanged, can now be deemed completely confirmed. (5)

 

Quotes from the New Testament. Other evidence pointing to the originality of the books in the New Testament is the early church fathers’ quotes from them. Even if copies or parts of the New Testament texts had not survived, we could still reconstruct nearly the whole New Testament (except for 11 verses) from these quotes that have been preserved. According to research done by the British Museum, it is possible to find about 89,000 passages of the New Testament from among the writings of the early church. This number is very significant and indicates how much the New Testament was used already in the early times. As to the number of these references, Sir Frederic Kenyon stated:

 

We cannot stress too much that the Bible’s – in this case especially the New Testament’s – main textual content is infallible. The number of the manuscripts of the New Testament, early translations and quotes that earlier writers of the church have used is so great that it is practically sure that for every passage that has been under suspicion, the right reading has been preserved, at the least in some of these texts. This cannot be said about any other ancient book in the world. (6)

 

THE TEXT OF THE OLD TESTAMENT. In the previous paragraphs, we have mainly dealt with the text of the New Testament. However, there is also evidence supporting the preservation of the texts of the Old Testament as well, such as:

 

Quotes in the New Testament. One good piece of evidence is that in the New Testament there are quotes from and references to the Old Testament. There are up to several hundreds of these quotes and they appear, for example, in the words of Jesus and also in the letters by Paul.

   It is essential to realize that these hundreds of quotes prove the accuracy of the text of the Old Testament. They show that texts were identical to the original, in the same way that quotation of passages from New Testament books by church fathers points to the accuracy of New Testament books. They show that the texts of the Old Testament – of which the most recent reached their final form about 400 years earlier – were not changed.

 

The Dead Sea Scrolls are another compelling piece of evidence in the case of text accuracy. These scrolls, the oldest of which date back to about 300 B.C., were found very near the Dead Sea. Their text does not deviate from the texts of modern Old Testament books. On the contrary, these scrolls – in which were found all the books of the Old Testament except for the Book of Esther – are quite similar to those currently used. Thus, the allegation that changes have been made to the text of the Old and/or New Testament books is false. There exists no proof for such a claim. Instead, we are supplied many material proofs that exactly the opposite is true: the texts have been faithfully preserved.

       

ARCHEOLOGY. The fact that the events of the New Testament and the Bible are true is also confirmed by other sources. Archeology, the notes of historians, and the mentions of churchmen have repeatedly supported the historicity of the Bible. They mention the names of dozens of rulers, other persons, and places, many of which were initially known only from the Bible. It is strong evidence that these things have actually happened.

    The following quote refers to Luke’s precision as a historian (other Gospels tell the same things). If he was accurate in describing relatively insignificant details — the accuracy of which can be confirmed from other sources — why would he not have been accurate in describing miracles or things for which there is no external confirmation? Merely the unbelieving prejudice that many Muslims have prevents this view from being accepted.  

 

In a sense, this is exactly what archaeology does. If ancient historical details have been proven to be correct time and time again, we should also trust the stories of the historian in question that cannot be confirmed in the same way.

   I asked for a professional opinion from McRay. – What do you think: does archaeology prove or disprove the reliability of the New Testament when archaeologists study the details included in the stories?

   McRay immediately replied. – The studies make the New Testament more reliable, there is no question of that. Just like any ancient document is more reliable if archaeologists notice when proceeding with their digs that the author provided correct information about a location or event. (...)

   – The consensus among both liberal and conservative scientists is that Luke was a very faithful historian, McRay replied. – He was a learned man, he was eloquent, his command of Greek was almost classical, he wrote like a well-educated man and archaeological findings have proven time and time again that Luke was very precise in his writings.

   McRay added that in many cases related to the harbour stories, scientists at first thought that some of Luke's references were false, but later findings have confirmed that he wrote the information correctly. (...)  One prominent archaeologist carefully studied Luke's references of 32 countries, 54 cities and nine islands without finding a single error. (7)

 

The following quotations point in the same direction. They show how archeology and other historical sources have repeatedly confirmed the historicity of the New Testament and the Bible. These biblical events have a solid historical foundation. This is also one confirmation that the texts of the Bible have been preserved in their original form. It is justified to stick to this view.

 

The famous archaeologist William Albright says, “The historical knowledge of the Bible is true in a way that modern Bible critique cannot even imagine. As my research has progressed, it has become clear to me that the Bible is a very reliable historical source. Its narratives are not myths but historical documents that are equally with the truth in the smallest details. The excessive skepticism that the leading historical trend felt towards the Bible has consistently lost its testimony. More and more new discoveries have proved the Bible to be true in countless details and have increased the value of the Bible as a historical source. ” (8)

 

It is important to understand that archaeological excavations have produced a lot of evidence that clearly proves that the Bible is not filled with false information. To this day, none of the historical events of the Bible have been proven false on the basis of this evidence obtained by archaeological research. (9)

 

 

 

 

2. Did Jesus die on cross?

  

As comes to the death of Jesus on the cross, it is often a stumbling block or foolishness to people - also to Muslims. During the time of Apostle Paul there was also this kind of a negative attitude, and that is why he wrote this:

 

- (1 Cor 1:18) For the preaching of the cross is to them that perish foolishness; but to us which are saved it is the power of God.

 

- (1 Cor 1:23-24) But we preach Christ crucified, to the Jews a stumbling block, and to the Greeks foolishness;

24 But to them which are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God.

 

- (Phil 3:18,19) For many walk, of whom I have told you often, and now tell you even weeping, that they are the enemies of the cross of Christ:

19 Whose end is destruction, whose God is their belly, and whose glory is in their shame, who mind earthly things.

 

Many Muslims nowadays think like this. They may think that the death of Jesus on the cross was foolish, and it is simply impossible for them to believe that the faithful servant of Allah would have been killed in this way. According to them, it would not have been suitable for a prophet and that is why it has been suggested that someone else who looked like Jesus died on the cross and that Jesus Himself was taken directly to Heaven before this. Jesus not being nailed on the cross has been justified only by one passage in the Koran, which is in Sura 4:

 

They denied the truth and uttered a monstrous falsehood against Mary. They declared: 'We have put to death the Messiah, Jesus the son of Mary, the apostle of God.' They did not kill him, nor did they crucify him, but they thought they did. Those that disagreed about him were in doupt concerning him; they knew nothing about him that was not sheer conjecture; they did not slay him for-certain. (4:156,157)

 

However, as far as this view is concerned, we can find several points that go against this claim. Let's study this issue through the next points:

 

Other passages in the Koran. Even though we can have the understanding that Jesus did not die on the cross from one place in the Koran (4:157), other passages also speak on behalf of the death of Jesus. They indicate that he really died just like, for example, John the Baptist:

 

I was blessed on the day I was born, and blessed I shall be on the day of my death; and may peace be upon me on the day when I shall be raised to life.' Such was Jesus, the son of Mary. That is the whole truth, which they still doubt. (19:33,34) (also in the same Sura verse 15 is said about John the Baptist as next: Blessed was he on the day he was born and the day of his death; and may peace be on him when he is raised to life.)

 

He said: 'Jesus, I am about to cause you to die and lift you up to Me. I shall take you away from the unbelievers and exalt your followers above them till the Day of Resurrection. (3:55)

 

Then God will say: 'Jesus, son of Mary, did you ever say to mankind: "Worship me and my mother as gods besides God?"'... I told them only what You bade me. I said: "Serve God, my Lord and your Lord." I watched over them while living in their midst, and ever since You took me to Yourself. You have been watching them. You are the witness of all things. (5:116,117)

 

In addition, we can understand from the Koran that the violent death of prophets is also possible; the usual understanding that it would be unusual or shameful goes against what has been written:

 

To those that declare: 'God has commanded us to believe in no apostle unless he brings down fire to consume an offering,' say: 'Other apostles before me have come to you with veritable signs and worked the miracle you asked for. Why did you slay them, if what you say be true?' (3:183)

 

But they broke their covenant, denied the revelations of God, and killed the prophets unjustly. They said: 'Our hearts are sealed... (4:155)

 

Books of history. One good indication of the crucifixion of Jesus are historical books. In some of them, there are clear notes about how Jesus was crucified by the procurator Pontius Pilate during the reign of Emperor Tiberius. If this did really not take place, they would not have mentioned it:

 

Historian Josephus: "Jesus lived in those times. (...) Many Jews and Greeks followed him. He was Christ. Provoked by our influential men Pilate, however, condemned him to death on the cross. However, those who had loved him before continued to be faithful to him."

 

Cornelius Tacitus: "The name had been given them according to a certain Christ, whom procurator Pontius Pilate condemned and nailed onto the cross in the reign of Tiberius."

 

Thallus, a Samaritan by birth, also referred to Jesus in his book as early as in 52 A.D. He thought that the darkness at the time of Jesus' crucifixion was the result of a solar eclipse.

 

The Talmud (Sanhedrin 43, a) mentions that Jesus was crucified on Easter.

 

Apostolic fathers. The best way to find out about past events are through historical sources - especially if they are close to events. A few such sources have already been mentioned which speak of the crucifixion of Jesus.

    The Apostolic Fathers, who lived less than a hundred years after Jesus ’death, have also referred to crucifixion. If this event were not true, why would they have mentioned it? Usually no smoke is produced without fire, and therefore it is worth believing in the historicity of this event. It also results in the revelation received by Muhammad not resting on a historical basis or else Muslims have misinterpreted the previous passage in the Qur’an.

 

Let us note, dearest brothers, how the Ruler continually shows us that the resurrection is a part of our future. The first fruit of this resurrection is that He has raised the Lord Jesus Christ from the dead. (Clemens, the bishop of Rome, in his letter to the Corinthians 24:1)

 

God sent Christ and Christ sent the Apostles; both have taken place in good order by the will of God. 3. When the Apostles received their task, when they discovered the resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ, and became stronger in faith in the word of God, they started to be filled with the Holy Spirit and preached the good news that the kingdom of God was at hand. 4. From country to country and from town to town they preached their message. (Clemens, the bishop of Rome, in his letter to the Corinthians 42:2-4)

 

In love the Ruler has taken charge of us. Jesus Christ, our Lord, was filled with love towards us, and for this reason He shed His blood for us by the will of God and gave His body for the sake of our bodies and in the same way He gave His soul for the sake of our souls. (Clemens, the bishop of Rome, in his letter to the Corinthians 49:6)

 

If those, who did this faced physical death, how much more he who by a bad doctrine spoils the faith in God, the faith on whose behalf Jesus Christ was crucified. This kind of a person has become unclean and he will have to go to the inextinguishable fire and also those who hear him. (Ignatius, in his letter to the Ephesians 16:2)

 

Instead, I wish that you could be completely sure of the birth and suffering and resurrection that took place during the governorship of Pontius Pilate. This was all put into effect in real life and by Jesus Christ, our hope; if only none of you would turn away from Him. (Ignatius, in his letter to Magnesias 11:1)

 

Be like deaf when someone speaks to you and does not know anything about Jesus Christ, who was of the family of David, born of Mary, who really lived, ate, and drank, really met persecution during the time of Pontius Pilate, was really crucified and died in front of those who are in Heaven, on Earth and under the Earth, 2. From him, who also really was raised from the dead when his Father raised him; in the same way the Father in Christ Jesus will also raise us who believe in Him, and without Him we have no real life. (Ignatius in his letter to the believers of Trallis 9:1, 2)

 

Yet you are completely convinced that He was born of the family of David, the Son of God from the will and power of God, born of a virgin, baptized by John so that He would fulfill all righteousness. 2. He really suffered during the time of Pontius Pilate and tetrarch Herod, was nailed on the tree for us. His suffering before God by which we are born was so that He, through His resurrection, would raise His saints and believers, whether Jew or Gentile, to be the one and only body of His church.” (Ignatius in his letter to the believers in Smyrna 1:1, 2)

 

It is thus right to keep away from such ignorant people and not to talk about them privately or publicly, but instead hold onto the prophets and especially to the Gospel, in which the sufferings and resurrection of Jesus have clearly been presented to us. (Ignatius in his letter to the believers in Smyrna 7:2)

 

Wait for Him who is above time, timeless, invisible. He who for us has become visible, who cannot be touched, who is above suffering but has submitted to suffering for our sake and who has endured everything possible for our sake. (Ignatius in his letter to Polycarpos 3:2)

 

In our Lord Jesus Christ, in Him, who showed perseverance and went to death for the sake of our sins. Him God raised and freed from the pains of Hades. (Polycarpos in his letter to the Philippians 1:2)

 

Let us hold constantly and firmly to our hope and our seal of righteousness who is Christ Jesus, He who carried our sins in His own body on the tree, He who committed no sin, and no deceit was found in His mouth. He endured all for us, so that we would have life in Him. (Polycarpos 8:1)

 

There is also the next point, my brothers. If the Lord was submitted to suffer for us, even though He is the Lord of the whole universe, and to whom God said in the foundation of the world, Let us make man in our image and likeness; how could He submit to suffer in the hands of people? Learn this. 6. The prophets received their gift from Him and they prophesied about Him. And when He had to appear in flesh to destroy death and give an example of the resurrection of the dead, He agreed to that. 7. He did it to fulfill the promise made to the fathers, but also to prepare people for Himself and to indicate while He was still on Earth that after His resurrection He would exercise judgment Himself. 8. He also preached through teaching Israel and performing wonders and miracles and showed a special love for Israel. (The letter of Barnabas 5:5-8)

 

The eye-witnesses. Even though many Muslims think that Jesus was not crucified, the Bible tells another story. The crucifixion is mentioned in many Bible verses, people could also appeal to other or themselves having been eye-witnesses.

   A good question is whether it is sensible for us to trust in witnesses who lived 600-2,000 years after the crucifixion and did not have any personal information about it, or would it be wiser to trust in the witnesses and eye-witnesses who actually saw it happen? If we now think, that we know more than these original witnesses, wouldn't that be the same as if a person, who has been a 1000 kilometres from the place of a traffic accident, came to be the witness of this accident "with his precise information"? We can therefore ask how anyone could take us seriously if we were these kinds of witnesses?

 

- (John 19:30-35) When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.

31 The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain on the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) sought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.

32 Then came the soldiers, and broke the legs of the first, and of the other which was crucified with him.

33 But when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they broke not his legs:

34 But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and immediately came there out blood and water.

35 And he that saw it bore record, and his record is true: and he knows that he said true, that you might believe.

 

- (Luke 23:32-33) And there were also two other, malefactors, led with him to be put to death.

33 And when they were come to the place, which is called Calvary, there they crucified him, and the malefactors, one on the right hand, and the other on the left.

 

- (Acts 2:22-25) You men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the middle of you, as you yourselves also know:

23 Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, you have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain:

24 Whom God has raised up, having loosed the pains of death: because it was not possible that he should be held of it.

25 For David speaks concerning him, I foresaw the Lord always before my face, for he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved:"

 

Substitute theory. As comes to the crucifixion of Jesus, a theory has been presented claiming that someone else, such as Judas Iscariot or Simon Cyrene was on the cross instead of Jesus. It has been claimed that Jesus Himself was taken directly to Heaven, while God threw his appearance either on Judas or on Simon Cyrene, and that is why one of them was executed instead of Jesus.

   However, as far as this theory is concerned, there are a few apparent problems with it making it clear that it cannot be true:

 

The destiny of Judas. First of all, as comes to the idea of Judas Iscariot being on the cross instead of Jesus, we cannot find any evidence to support this from the Bible. The Bible clearly says that Judas died by his own hand: he hanged himself. It took place soon after he repented betraying Jesus:

 

- (Matt 27:3-5) Then Judas, which had betrayed him, when he saw that he was condemned, repented himself, and brought again the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders,

4 Saying, I have sinned in that I have betrayed the innocent blood. And they said, What is that to us? see you to that.

5 And he cast down the pieces of silver in the temple, and departed, and went and hanged himself.

 

The honesty of God. If we think about the alternative that Simon was on the cross instead of Jesus, the Bible does not refer to that either. Certainly Simon himself would have been strongly against that and reacted if this really took place.

   We can also ask would God have played a dirty trick like this on people, as He does not allow lying to others? Would He not be deceitful if He did this?

   What about Jesus, the prophet of God? How could He have allowed this kind of a deception to take place? It seems impossible.

 

Jesus' own words. One good proof of the crucifixion of Jesus are His own words that He said already long before His crucifixion. He said that He Himself would give His life on the cross for the sake of our sins:

 

- (Matt 16:21) From that time forth began Jesus to show to his disciples, how that he must go to Jerusalem, and suffer many things of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised again the third day.

 

- (Matt 20:28) Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered to, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.

 

- (John 10:9-11,17-19) I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture.

10 The thief comes not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly.

11 I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd gives his life for the sheep.

17 Therefore does my Father love me, because I lay down my life, that I might take it again.

18 No man takes it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father.

19 There was a division therefore again among the Jews for these sayings.

 

The fulfillment of prophecies. One issue that is connected to the crucifixion of Jesus, the Messiah, are several prophesies which have been prophesied about Him and His death. These prophesies refer to His death and its hour (Dan 9:24-26), saying that it should happen before the destruction of Jerusalem and its temple (70 A.D.). Let's look at some of these prophesies:

 

Daniel's year-week prophecy. First of all, Daniel 9:24-26 says that the Messiah will experience a violent death. Daniel clearly says that He will be destroyed. Daniel also says that this should happen before the destruction of Jerusalem and its temple.

   We now know from history that Roman Titus destroyed Jerusalem and the temple with his army exactly in 70 A.D. (which is still one of the largest mass destructions in history). This would mean that the Messiah must have come and also died before that - "shall Messiah be cut off". Certainly, Jesus as a person and His death on the cross best fit this prophecy.

 

- (Dan 9:24-26) Seventy weeks are determined on your people and on your holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.

25 Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem to the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and three score and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times.

26 And after three score and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and to the end of the war desolations are determined.

 

Zechariah 12:10 and Isaiah 53. The prophecy above refers to the violent death of the Messiah - ""shall Messiah be cut off" - and we can also find a few other prophecies referring to the same and to how He, the Messiah, was wounded for the sake of our sins - this is the basic teaching of the New Testament. These prophesies can be found in the Books of Zechariah and Isaiah and can be read below. There is also the fulfillment of these prophesies and how they were fulfilled in the life of Jesus and in His death:

 

Prophecy:

 

- (Isa 53:4-12); Surely he has borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.

5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was on him; and with his stripes we are healed.

6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD has laid on him the iniquity of us all.

7 He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he opens not his mouth.

8 He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken.

9 And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth.

10 Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he has put him to grief: when you shall make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.

11 He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities.

12 Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he has poured out his soul to death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

 

Fulfillment:

 

- (Matt 27:31) And after that they had mocked him, they took the robe off from him, and put his own raiment on him, and led him away to crucify him.

 

- (John 19:18) Where they crucified him, and two other with him, on either side one, and Jesus in the middle.

 

Prophecy:

 

- (Zec 12:10) And I will pour on the house of David, and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look on me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourns for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn.

 

Fulfillment:

 

- (John 19:34-37) But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and immediately came there out blood and water.

35 And he that saw it bore record, and his record is true: and he knows that he said true, that you might believe.

36 For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken.

37 And again another scripture said, They shall look on him whom they pierced.

 

 

 

 

3. "You serve three gods"

 

One of the Muslim's most typical beliefs is that the Christians have three different gods, the Father God, Jesus, and the Holy Spirit (or Mary), whom they serve. The following quote from a former Muslim refers to this:

 

What foolishness! I swear by the Prophet that you Christians have odd fancies. Is it not true that you have many gods? You say that you serve one true God, even though you speak of three gods. How can you divide Allah into three gods or how could Allah be composed of three persons? I have heard that the Christians speak about the Father God and Jesus as if he were God, and about Mary as if she was the mother of God. Is God married? How could it be said in an intellectual world that the great and powerful God had a son? How abusive it is to speak about Allah's mother! The blessed Koran tells us very clearly, "He, Allah, is One. Allah is He on Whom all depend. He begets not, nor is He begotten. And none is like Him." (Sura 112) (10)

 

What DOES THE Bible say? Even though the Muslims believe that the Christians serve three gods, this is not true. (Actually, it would be much more correct to say that the Muslims believe in polytheism: almost on every second page of the Koran, God is referred to in the plural form, "we", as if there were many gods. The next verse from the Koran is a good example of how the Koran teaches about God in the plural form, "In six days We created the heavens and the earth and all that lies between them; nor were We ever wearied.", 50:38) The Bible clearly says both in the Old and New Testament that there is only one God. This is said in numerous passages of the Bible:

 

- (Deut 4:35) To you it was showed, that you might know that the LORD he is God; there is none else beside him.

 

- (Isa 45:5-6) I am the LORD, and there is none else, there is no God beside me: I girded you, though you have not known me:

6 That they may know from the rising of the sun, and from the west, that there is none beside me. I am the LORD, and there is none else.

 

- (Isa 45:21) Tell you, and bring them near; yes, let them take counsel together: who has declared this from ancient time? who has told it from that time?  have not I the LORD? and there is no God else beside me; a just God and a Savior; there is none beside me.

 

- (Isa 46:9) Remember the former things of old: for I am God, and there is none else; I am God, and there is none like me,

 

- (1 Tim 1:17) Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God, be honor and glory for ever and ever. Amen.

 

- (Acts 14:15) And saying, Sirs, why do you these things? We also are men of like passions with you, and preach to you that you should turn from these vanities to the living God, which made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and all things that are therein:

 

- (Eph 4:5-6) One Lord, one faith, one baptism,

6 One God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all.

 

- (Jam 2:19) You believe that there is one God; you do well: the devils also believe, and tremble.

 

The Koran 29:46. It is curious that also the Koran proves that the followers of the Book, the Christians, have one God - the belief of many Muslims thus goes against their own holy book. The Koran clearly says, 29:46: "Be courteous when you argue with the People of the Book, except with those among them why do evil. Say: "We believe in that which is revealed to us and which was revealed to you. Our God and your God is one. To him we surrender ourselves.'

 

ALSO THE KORAN TEACHES ABOUT TRINITY. It is curious that even though it is difficult for Muslims to believe in the trinity - meaning that one God has informed himself as the Father, Son, and the Holy Spirit - this teaching still appears even in some passages of the Koran.

 

The pre-existence of Jesus. First of all, the Koran teaches that Jesus, who is called the Word of God and the Spirit of God, lived with God already before he came on Earth. From that we can see that Jesus is God's own Word (Kalimat Allah, which reflects the speaker's innermost being) and His Spirit, who was sent to Earth.

   This can be clearly seen in a passage in the Koran which says that God gave His Word to Mary. It proves that the Word must have existed already before God in a supernatural way moved Him into the womb of Mary, making it possible for Jesus to be born to this world. This passage in the Koran says:

 

People of the Book, do not transgress the bounds of your religion. Speak nothing but the truth about God. The Messiah, Jesus the son of Mary, was no more than God's apostle and His Word, which He cast to Mary: a spirit from Him. believe in God and… (4:171)

 

Also, the understanding that Jesus lived with the Father already before he came on Earth appears in the following passages of the Koran. They indicate that Jesus is not only an ordinary man, but that He came from Heaven here on Earth - He is the Word of God and the Spirit that was sent from God. These passages refer to his divinity and earlier existence:

 

The angels said to Mary: "God bids you rejoice in a Word from Him. His name is the Messiah, Jesus the son of Mary. He shall be noble in this world and in the hereafter, and shall be favoured by God. (3:45)

 

People of the Book, do not transgress the bounds of your religion. Speak nothing but the truth about God. The Messiah, Jesus the son of Mary, was no more than God's apostle and His Word, which He cast to Mary. believe in God and… (4:171)

 

He will instruct him in the Scriptures and in wisdom, in the Torah and in the Gospel, and send him forth as an apostle to the Israelites. He will say: "I bring you a sign from your Lord. From clay I will make for you the likeness of a bird. I shall breathe into it and, by God's leave, it shall become a living bird. By God's leave I shall heal the blind man and the leper, and raise the dead to life… I bring you a sign from your Lord: therefore fear God and obey me. (3:48-50)

 

And of Jesus the son of Mary, who said to Israelites: 'I am sent forth to you from God to confirm the Torah already revealed, and… (61:6)

 

People in Muslim work share their own experiences on the same topic. They meet Muslims who have typical misconceptions about the position of Jesus and what is possible for God and what is not. They explain to their hearers how God performed a supernatural miracle: through the Holy Spirit, He transferred His own Word to the womb of Mary, and this enabled His Son to be born human:

 

During the Muslim events in Stockholm and during their travels in Muslim countries, Abu, Nike and Tepo were asked the same questions over and over again:

   - How could God have a Son? After all, God is not getting married. I don’t think God can be a trinity because he is one. Why and how could God supposedly have become man?

   While working with Muslims, the boys learned that when talking to them, figurative language was also important. However, one had to be careful about it, as the oriental thought model is quite black and white. Defining a parable and reality can sometimes be difficult for a Muslim.

   - Who is the mother of Jesus? Abu asked sometimes.

   The question was usually answered quickly: - Maria.

   - Well, then who is Jesus' father?

   This question was usually followed by a confused silence, and then a surprising answer: - Allah, God. The boys then explained to their listeners how God performed a supernatural miracle. He transferred through His Holy Spirit His own Word to the womb of Mary, and this enabled His Son to be born human. (The Qur’an also calls Jesus the Word of God.) Then this Word began to live and clothe the body that God prepared for His Son in Mary’s womb. Once to Nike's mind came a picture.

   - If someone is going to go into space, he must have an astronaut's suit. If someone is going to go to the depths of the sea, he must have a diver’s suit.

   If anyone still doubted God's becoming human, Nikke asked:

   - Is it possible for man to become God?

   The answer usually came from the pharmacy shelf: - No.

   - Well, is it possible for God to become human?

   Again followed by silence and a surprising answer: - Yes. In the event that someone thought that God could not become human, he was told, “Then God is not omnipotent. (11)

  

What about the Islamic tradition? There, Jesus is repeatedly referred to as the Word of God and the Spirit of God, just as the Qur’an shows. In addition, a few sources tell of his previous existence. He existed long before he was born human on earth. The following are a few examples of such Islamic literature. In the first of these, az-Zamakhshari, a well-known commentator on the doctrine of Islam, speaks:

 

lll:22] Jesus is called the Word of God and a word from Him because he came into being from His word and at His command, without the influence of a father or semen. He is also called the Spirit of God and a spirit from Him because he is spiritual that became into being without any other spiritual influence.(az-Zamakhshari, Kashshaf I:315)

 

Another significant word by which the Qur’an describes Jesus is Ruh Allah, the Spirit of God… One of the more weighty comments on this can be found in Muslim traditions, that phrase already quoted above: “He (Jesus) walked in the midst of spirits. We sent him into Mary. ”(12)

    What is important here is that it supports the Qur’an’s revelation of the existence of Jesus before He was physically born on earth. Many commentators on ancient Islamism have come to a very similar conclusion.

    Al-Baidawi, for example, has written: “… possessing a spirit that originated from God, who did not flow into Him the usual ways. It is called spirit because it is the source of life for the dead and the human heart. ” (13)

    Al-Razi has stated, "He (Jesus) is the Spirit of God because He gives life to the world." (14) (15)

 

The Word of God and the Spirit of God. The previous passages of the Koran used such names as the Word of God (Kalimat Allah) and the Spirit of God (Ruh Allah) for Jesus, which also prove the eternity and divinity of Jesus. This appears at least in the next ways:

 

The Spirit of God is everlasting. First of all, if we believe that God is everlasting, his Spirit must certainly also be everlasting, and not last only for a man's lifetime, for example. Therefore, when Jesus in the Koran is called the Spirit of God who has come from God, we can assume that also He is everlasting and one with God. The name "the Spirit of God" therefore refers to His divinity and eternity.

 

The Word of God is everlasting. If we still hold on to the understanding that God is eternal, certainly also his Word must be eternal because it is unlikely that God was silent until Jesus, his word, was born on Earth. Certainly, He must have spoken before that - just as we people speak because we exist - and because He created everything by his Word and people existed already before Jesus came on Earth.

   When it is a question of Jesus, we can assume that He is also eternal and one with the Father God. This is the only reasonable conclusion if we call Him the word of God, and if we assume that God has spoken already before Jesus was on Earth.

 

The Word of God and the essence of God. Furthermore, if we use the name "the Word of God", it is important to note that the Arabic text uses the word "kalimah" for it, meaning "the essence of the speaker", his "innermost". The Koran does not use another possible Arabic word, "qawlum", meaning "a word or statement", which does not refer to the essence of the speaker.
   What this means is that Jesus must be more than a mere word from God. Actually, He must be the perfect manifestation of God, the will of God or the brightness of God's glory, as the Bible says. The Koran so refers to this and teaches in the same way as the Bible that we can properly understand the will and essence of God only through Jesus. Several Bible verses refer to this:

 

- (Hebr 1:3) Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high:

 

- (2 Cor 4:3-4) But if our gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost:

4 In whom the god of this world has blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine to them.

 

- (John 10:30-33) I and my Father are one.

31 Then the Jews took up stones again to stone him.

32 Jesus answered them, Many good works have I showed you from my Father; for which of those works do you stone me?

33 The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we stone you not; but for blasphemy; and because that you, being a man, make yourself God.

 

- (John 12:44-45) Jesus cried and said, He that believes on me, believes not on me, but on him that sent me.

45 And he that sees me sees him that sent me.

 

- (John 14:8-9) Philip said to him, Lord, show us the Father, and it suffises us.

9 Jesus said to him, Have I been so long time with you, and yet have you not known me, Philip? he that has seen me has seen the Father; and how say you then, Show us the Father?

 

JESUS - THE SON OF GOD. The name "Son of God" that is used for Jesus is understood by several Muslims as something physical, meaning that God married and had a son, Jesus. (Many Muslims think that the trinity means God, Mary, and Jesus.) They base this on an old Arabic belief that God can be sexually connected with people and can thus have children who are called "sons of God".

   However, this view is not true. It cannot be true because the Bible speaks about the pre-existence of Jesus already before He was born here on Earth. He has been with God - according to the Bible - already in the beginning of times and came here only at a certain moment when the Word became man - as several Bible verses tell us. Let's look at these verses:

 

- (John 1:1- 3,14) In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.

2 The same was in the beginning with God.

3 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.

14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelled among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.

 

- (1 John 1:1-2) That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked on, and our hands have handled, of the Word of life;

2 (For the life was manifested, and we have seen it, and bear witness, and show to you that eternal life, which was with the Father, and was manifested to us;)

 

- (Phil 2:5-8) Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:

6 Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:

7 But made himself of no reputation, and took on him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men:

8 And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient to death, even the death of the cross.

 

- (Hebr 2:14,17) For as much then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;

17 Why in all things it behooved him to be made like to his brothers, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people.

 

Secondly, it is good for us to understand that when the Bible uses the word "Son", it does not mean that God was married, it is only one way to describe issues. The Bible mostly uses language that is easy for us to understand and that best explains things.

   These kinds of descriptions appear also elsewhere in life - descriptions of which we can mention the following examples:

 

- Mahatma Gandhi has been called the Father of India, even though he is not physically the father of India.

- The Egyptians have been called the Sons of Nile but it does not mean that the river Nile got married and had children.

- The Bedouins have been called the Sons of the Desert, and neither does this mean that the Desert got married and then had children.

 

THE HIGH POSITION AND HISTORY OF JESUS. As noted in the previous chapter, several historical sources point to the crucifixion of Jesus. The information given by the Qur'an contradicts these sources.

    An almost similar thing is the question of whether Jesus is the Son of God and one with God. Muslims think that Jesus, an important prophet of God, could not initially proclaim such a doctrine, nor his disciples, but that this matter has been born later.

    Here, however, it is good to pay attention again to the sources of history; are they right or is the Qur’an, dependent on the revelation of Muhammad, right? Do early historical sources teach the high position of Jesus or not? Let's look at a few examples.

 

The Qur’an itself speaks of Jesus as the word of God and the spirit of God who has come from heaven from God. It refers to the eternal and exalted essence of Jesus, so something important about Jesus has been preserved in the Qur’an as well. This teaching has not completely disappeared.

 

From Pliny of Secundus, most commonly known as Pliny the Younger, who was a contemporary of Tacitus and Suetonius (61-120 AD), we can find a mention of Jesus. In one of his letters to Emperor Trajan, he speaks of Christians and their worship. They considered Christ king:

 

They used to meet on a certain day before the dawn of the day, and they in turn performed a hymn of praise to Christ as if to the king, and they vowed not to engage in any criminal activity but rather that they do not steal, rob, or commit adultery, and do not betray trust or refuse to return the funds entrusted to them in their possession, if so required. After doing this, they dispersed and then they gathered again later for a common meal, but the food was quite ordinary and harmless.

 

The Old Testament prophecies, which existed before the time of Jesus, refer to the Son of God and how he is born in Bethlehem and whose origin is from antiquity, eternal times.

 

- (Isaiah 9:6) For to us a child is born, to us a son is given: and the government shall be on his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counselor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.

 

- (Isaiah 7:14) Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.

 

- (Mic 5:2) But you, Bethlehem Ephratah, though you be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of you shall he come forth to me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting.

 

The angel Gabriel named the child born to Mary as the Son of the Highest. In addition, Jesus was born in Bethlehem, as prophesied centuries earlier in Micah's prophecy:

 

- (Luke 1:26-35) And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a city of Galilee, named Nazareth,

27 To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary.

28 And the angel came in to her, and said, Hail, you that are highly favored, the Lord is with you: blessed are you among women.

29 And when she saw him, she was troubled at his saying, and cast in her mind what manner of salutation this should be.

30 And the angel said to her, Fear not, Mary: for you have found favor with God.

31 And, behold, you shall conceive in your womb, and bring forth a son, and shall call his name JESUS.

32 He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give to him the throne of his father David:

33 And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end.

34 Then said Mary to the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man?

35 And the angel answered and said to her, The Holy Ghost shall come on you, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow you: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of you shall be called the Son of God.

 

- (Matt 1:18,22,23) Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost.

22 Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying,

23 Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.

 

- (Matt 2:1-6) Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem,

2 Saying, Where is he that is born King of the Jews? for we have seen his star in the east, and are come to worship him.

3 When Herod the king had heard these things, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him.

4 And when he had gathered all the chief priests and scribes of the people together, he demanded of them where Christ should be born.

5 And they said to him, In Bethlehem of Judaea: for thus it is written by the prophet,

6 And you Bethlehem, in the land of Juda, are not the least among the princes of Juda: for out of you shall come a Governor, that shall rule my people Israel.

 

Jesus himself considered himself the Son of God and that he is one with the Father. That was the reason he died:

 

- (John 9:35-41) Jesus heard that they had cast him out; and when he had found him, he said to him, Do you believe on the Son of God?

36 He answered and said, Who is he, Lord, that I might believe on him?

37 And Jesus said to him, You have both seen him, and it is he that talks with you.

38 And he said, Lord, I believe. And he worshipped him.

39 And Jesus said, For judgment I am come into this world, that they which see not might see; and that they which see might be made blind.

40 And some of the Pharisees which were with him heard these words, and said to him, Are we blind also?

41 Jesus said to them, If you were blind, you should have no sin: but now you say, We see; therefore your sin remains.Ja

 

- (John 10:30-33) I and my Father are one.

31 Then the Jews took up stones again to stone him.

32 Jesus answered them, Many good works have I showed you from my Father; for which of those works do you stone me?

33 The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we stone you not; but for blasphemy; and because that you, being a man, make yourself God.

 

- (Mark 14:61-64) But he held his peace, and answered nothing. Again the high priest asked him, and said to him, Are you the Christ, the Son of the Blessed?

62 And Jesus said, I am: and you shall see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven.

63 Then the high priest rent his clothes, and said, What need we any further witnesses?

64 You have heard the blasphemy: what think you? And they all condemned him to be guilty of death.

 

Apostolic fathers. When the Qur’an referred to how the Word of God became man, the Apostolic fathers also speak of it. Their letters, written a few decades after Jesus' death, refer to his Eternal nature:

 

There is One who is Doctor, physical and spiritual, who had been born and unborn, God in flesh, real life that came to die, born both of Mary and of God, first under suffering, then outside of it, Jesus Christ, our Lord. (Ignatius, in his letter to the Ephesians 7:2)

 

For our God Jesus Christ was conceived in the womb by Mary according to a dispensation, of the seed David but also of the Holy Ghost and He was born and was baptized that by His passion He might cleanse water

 (Letter from Ignatius to the Ephesians 18: 2)

 

Do ye therefore all run together as into one temple of God, as to one altar, as to one Jesus Christ, who came forth from one Father, and is with and has gone to one. (Letter from Ignatius to the Magnesians 7: 2)

 

Wait for Him who is above time, timeless, invisible. He who for us has become visible, who cannot be touched, who is above suffering but has submitted to suffering for our sake and who has endured everything possible for our sake. (Ignatius in his letter to Polycarpos 3:2)

Yet you are completely convinced that He was born of the family of David, the Son of God from the will and power of God, born of a virgin, baptized by John so that He would fulfill all righteousness. 2. He really suffered during the time of Pontius Pilate and tetrarch Herod, was nailed on the tree for us. His suffering before God by which we are born was so that He, through His resurrection, would raise His saints and believers, whether Jew or Gentile, to be the one and only body of His church.” (Ignatius in his letter to the believers in Smyrna 1:1, 2)

 

There is also the next point, my brothers. If the Lord was submitted to suffer for us, even though He is the Lord of the whole universe, and to whom God said in the foundation of the world, Let us make man in our image and likeness; how could He submit to suffer in the hands of people? Learn this. 6. The prophets received their gift from Him and they prophesied about Him. And when He had to appear in flesh to destroy death and give an example of the resurrection of the dead, He agreed to that. 7. He did it to fulfill the promise made to the fathers, but also to prepare people for Himself and to indicate while He was still on Earth that after His resurrection He would exercise judgment Himself. 8. He also preached through teaching Israel and performing wonders and miracles and showed a special love for Israel. (The letter of Barnabas 5:5-8)

 

The personality of the Holy Spirit. As it is possible to find several passages in the Koran referring to the second person of divinity, Jesus, His divinity and everlasting existence, we can also find references to the third person of divinity - the Holy Spirit - in the Koran. Also, these passages are almost similar to what the Bible teaches about the Holy Spirit, and they refer to His personality. Let's look at this through some examples:

 

The Holy Spirit in the life of Jesus. First of all, it is important to note that we can find the name "Holy Spirit" from the Koran, the same name that also appears in the Bible. It seems that if the Koran mentions it, the Holy Spirit must exist because it is mentioned. For example, the next passages connected with the life of Jesus speak about this:

 

To Moses We gave the Scriptures and after him We sent other apostles. We gave Jesus the son of Mary veritable signs and strengthened him with the Holy Spirit... (2:87)

 

Of these messengers We have exalted some above others. To some God spoke directly; others He raised to a lofty status. We gave Jesus the son of Mary veritable signs, and strengthened him with the Holy Spirit... (2:253)

 

God will say: 'Jesus, son of Mary, remember the favour I have bestowed on you and on your mother: how I strengthened you with the Holy spirit that you preached to men in your cradle and in the prime of manhood; how I instructed you in the Book and in wisdom, in the Torah and in the Gospel; how by My leave you fashioned from clay the likeness of a bird and breathed into it that, by My leave, it became a living bird; how, by My leave, you healed the blind man and the leper, and by My leave restored the dead to life; how I protected you from the Israelites when you had come to them with clear signs: when those of them who disbelieved declared: "This is but plain sorcery" (5:110)

 

The Holy Spirit in the life of Mary. Some of the Koran's references to the Holy Spirit are connected with Mary. The next verses of the Koran clearly tell how God breathed His own Spirit into Mary. The passages in question cannot mean the angel Gabriel, because the angel did not go into Mary. (Some Muslims explaining Islam have tried to claim that the Holy Spirit in some passages would mean Gabriel. However, it is difficult to find any clear support for this, and it also means arbitrary changing of the original name.) Neither can it mean breathing the breath of life into a dead person, because Mary was alive - it must mean God's own Spirit. These passages say:

 

And of the woman who kept her chastity. We breathed into her of Our spirit, and made her and her son a sign to all men. (21:91)

 

And in Mary, 'Imran's daughter, who preserved her chastity and into whose womb We breathed of Our spirit; who put her trust in the words of her Lord and His scriptures, and was truly devout. (66:12)

 

The personality of the Holy Spirit. As comes to the personality of the Holy Spirit, we can find passages also from the Koran confirming this. According to the Koran, the Holy Spirit brings, reassures, gives guidance, and comes, which are not possible for an impersonal power. The Koran also speaks about the faithfulness of the Holy Spirit which is possible only for a person:

 

Say: 'The Holy Spirit brought it down from your Lord in truth to reassure the faithful, and to give guidance and good news to those that surrender themselves.' (16:102)

 

This is surely revealed by the Lord of the Universe. The faithful Spirit brought it down into your heart that you might warn mankind in plain Arabic speech. (26:192-195)

 

By His will He sends down the angels with the Spirit to those among His servants whom He chooses, bidding them proclaim: 'There is no God but Me: therefore fear Me.' (16:2)

 

They put questions to you about the Spirit. Say: 'The Spirit is at my Lord's command. Little is the knowledge vouchsafed to you.' (17:86)

 

Thus have We inspired you with a spirit of Our will when you knew nothing of faith or scripture, and made it a light whereby We guide those of Our servants whom We please. You will surely guide them to a straight path: (42:52)

 

…God has inscribed the Faith in their very hearts, and strengthened them with a spirit of His own…(58:22).

 

On that night the angels and the Spirit by their Lord's leave come down with each decree. (97:4)

 

 

 

4. Have there been any prophesies about Muhammad?

 

When it is a question of the prophet Muhammad, many Muslims sincerely believe that the Bible contains prophesies about him. They think, for example, based on Koran 61:6 - even though it was written several centuries after Jesus and the Apostles - that Jesus originally spoke and prophesied about Muhammad. They also think that the words of Jesus about another Comforter (John 14:16,16:7) meant Muhammad, whose coming Jesus prophesied - they believe that the word "parakletos"/Comforter in the Gospel of John originally meant the word "periklytos"/praised, which is one of the names of Muhammad but that it was later, during the time of Muhammad, changed to the other word.

   But is the view true? Are there any prophesies about Muhammad in the Bible? We will look at this in the light of a few examples:

 

Old manuscripts. If we first think about the possibility that there was originally the word periklytos in the Gospel of John and that later, during the time of Muhammad, it was changed into parakletos, it is very difficult to prove this. It is because all the old manuscripts that have been found - from times before Muhammad and after him - have always been in their current form which does not mention Muhammad or any prophesies about Muhammad. These are not found in the Bible at all, even though people would want to them to be found.

 

Jesus spoke about the Holy Spirit, not about a man. The second feature worth noting is that Jesus spoke about the Holy Spirit (John 14:16,17,26, 15:26, 16:13) - not about any man - and whom He promised to send from Heaven and from the Father (John 15:26: “But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send to you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceeds from the Father, he shall testify of me.). This could by no means mean Muhammad, who did not even exist in those days. This meant the baptism of the Holy Spirit at the day of Pentecost, ten days after the ascension of Jesus. The Acts says:

 

- (Acts 2:1-4) And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place.

2 And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting.

3 And there appeared to them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat on each of them.

4 And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.

 

Brings glory to Jesus. The third feature worth noting is that the Holy Spirit is with the disciples forever and that He also brings glory to Jesus Christ. It is certainly impossible to say this about Muhammad, who was not born until 500 years after Jesus and who lived for 62 years - not even close to forever - and who also belittled the position of Jesus:

 

- (John 14:16-17,26) And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever;

17 Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it sees him not, neither knows him: but you know him; for he dwells with you, and shall be in you.

26 But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatever I have said to you.

 

- (John 15:26) But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send to you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceeds from the Father, he shall testify of me:

 

- (John 16:13-14) However, when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will show you things to come.

14 He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall show it to you.

 

The research of a former Muslim. The next example clarifies whether there has been any prophesies about Muhammad. There a former Muslim, who belonged to an Islamic extremist group, received a task from the emir to clarify, what the Bible said about Muhammad. However, this person could not find any references or prophesies about Muhammad from the Bible:

 

The emir looked at me and said, - This is a command! You have no other alternative than to carry out the task if you really believe in Allah and in the last doomsday. The situation was again confirmed by words from the Koran, "It is not for the true believers - men or women - to decide their affairs which God and His apostles have decided otherwise." (Sura 33:36).

   I tried to get the emir to choose someone else but he refused. He said, - I feel that you are the best man for this task. If you do it well, you will kill two birds with one stone. Firstly, you will teach all Muslims and open their eyes to things that they themselves cannot see. Secondly, you will earn plenty of "good" money because the results of your research will be translated into many languages and published everywhere in the world.

   His words troubled me, and I wanted to know the nature and details of the research. The emir said, - Your work will include two parts: you will prove the genuineness of Muhammad's calling from the Bible, just like the Koran says, "…to those that shall follow the Apostle - the Unlettered Prophet - whom they shall find described in the Torah and the Gospel…" (Sura 7:157) Based on the contradictions you have found, you will then prove that the present-day Bible is not a book written by the inspiration of God but that people have spoilt and falsified it.

   (…) I was worried because I did not know where to start. I did not have a means to start the research. For example, to prove that Muhammad was the prophet, I expected to find his name in the Bible. Or the names of Ahmed or Mahmud, which in Arabic refer to Muhammad. I did not know where to start.

   (...) I wanted to write a book that nobody could rebut, at least not the whole book. Unfortunately, there was not such progress as I had wanted. All my intellectual and linguistic conclusions collapsed one after the other. I could not find even one verse to support my theory. (Later I wrote my second book called The Suppressed Truth, in which I present all of the verses I had studied and prove that they did not refer to the Prophet Muhammad.)

   I studied all the verses in detail but I did not find what I was looking for. My feelings were a mix of sorrow, despair, distress, and confusion. It did not even occur to me that Muhammad would not be a prophet. I tried to calm myself by explaining that I simply just could not prove that the verses spoke about Muhammad. (16)

 

 

5. Ahmadism

 

Islam has experienced different branches over the centuries - Shiahs, Sunnis, Sufism, etc. - one of these is also Ahmadism that very much resembles traditional Islam. The Ahmadists also believe that Allah is the only God and Muhammad is his prophet. The Ahmadists pray with their faces turned towards Mecca, give alms, make pilgrimages to Mecca, and fast during the month of Ramada.

   Actually, Ahmadism differs from traditional Islam only in two things:

 

1. Firstly, traditional Islam believes that Jesus did not die on the cross but rose directly to Heaven, whereas Ahmadism teaches that Jesus was crucified but He only fainted on the cross. Later, when Jesus was freed from the cross, they believe that He went to India where He preached until his death at the age of 120.

 

2. The second difference is that traditional Islam believes that the Prophet Muhammad was the greatest of all prophets and the gift of prophecy came to an end in him but the perfect belief of the Ahmadists includes that they acknowledge Mirza Gulam as their Messiah leader. Gulam Ahmad is regarded as the promised Messiah in Ahmadism, who also fulfilled the signs of the second coming of Christ.

 

1. THE theory OF Fainting and preaching in India. If we first study the Ahmadist view saying that Jesus only fainted on the cross and then went to India to preach, we can see great defects. Those are, among other things, the following:

 

Against the Koran. Firstly, the theory goes against the Koran. The Koran, which also the Ahmadists regard as their holy book, does not mention anything about Jesus fainting on the cross or Him later preaching n India. Instead, it mentions that He was taken directly to Heaven (3:55 and 4:158) but nothing about Him going to India to preach. If he was in Heaven, He could not have been preaching in India.

 

Against the words of Jesus. As we noted earlier, Jesus prophesied His own crucifixion and resurrection. He prophesied them and also said that He would give His life as a ransom for people (Matt 20:28: Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered to, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.). Therefore, if the theory of fainting was true, He would have lied or made a mistake about His future.

 

The books of history. As we noted before, history books have information about the crucifixion of Jesus and His life in Israel. These references to His life and crucifixion are found in many sources but none of the sources mention anything about Him preaching in India. This is very curious because the time He worked in Israel was only 3.5 years but Gulam Ahmad claimed that Jesus preached for 80-90 years in India.

 

The lost sheep of the house of Israel. One point that speaks against Jesus being in India is that He said to have come to look for the lost sheep of Israel (Matt 15:24: But he answered and said, I am not sent but to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.). Jesus' mission was to preach and live only in Israel, not anywhere else, even though He later gave the Great Commission to His disciples to go into all the world (Matt 28:19,20 and Mark 16:15,18).

 

Conflicting information about Gulam Ahmad. Gulam Ahmad, who claimed that Jesus preached in India and died there, offered contradictory teachings himself about the time and place of Jesus' death. The next quote describes this very well. The author was formerly an Ahmadist:

 

   He did so and I took out a list of questions that I had with me and wrote, "Gulam Ahmad taught that Christ died in Kashmir and his grave is there."

- Well then, Ahmed, we Muslims believe that our prophets can't make mistakes but Gulam Ahmad has made mistakes in this. Take a look at this.

   I took a pen and wrote again;

1. After having avoided the death on the cross, Jesus went to Kashmir and lived there for eighty years, and died at the age of 120 in Srinagar. But according to one earlier book by Gulam Ahmad, Azala-Auham, Jesus died in Palestine (p. 473).

2. In Tabligh-Risalet, in part 8, His age is mentioned as 125.

3. In Tazkira Al-Shahadateen, it is said that Isa, the son of Mary, lived for 120 years after His crucifixion.

   Mirza Gulam Ahmad has written all of these three, and they are all different. Which should we believe; that God remembered wrong or that Gulam Ahmad did? There is something even more interesting, Ahmed. Jesus preached in Judea, Jerusalem, and Samaria only for three and a half years and did miracles in these places. The books of history are full of information about this. These places have lots of proof of His life and activity there also nowadays. But don't you think it's odd that even though He is assumed to have lived in these parts of the world for 80 to 120 years and preached here during that time, no-one believes it? The researches prove that the grave that was claimed to be His in Kashmir is actually the grave of prince Yuz Asef! What do you think about all this, Ahmed? Did He preach after His crucifixion? That all is very strange. (17)

 

2. Did Gulam Ahmad fulfill THE SIGNS of THE second coming of Christ? The second special feature in Ahmadism is that Gulam Ahmad fulfilled the signs of the second coming of Jesus and that he was the promised Messiah.

   However, if we look at this theory, we can see that it cannot be true either. According to the Bible, when Jesus arrives for the second time, He will establish a thousand year kingdom on the Earth - Gulam Ahmad who lived mainly in the 1800s, certainly did not do that. The Bible also says that He will come in all His glory so that all eyes will see Him - the following Bible verses refer to this. This cannot be said about Gulam Ahmad, who acted in a very small area and is quite unknown to most people in the world:

 

- (Matt 25:31-32) When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit on the throne of his glory:

32 And before him shall be gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divides his sheep from the goats:

 

- (Matt 24:26-30) Why if they shall say to you, Behold, he is in the desert; go not forth: behold, he is in the secret chambers; believe it not.

27 For as the lightning comes out of the east, and shines even to the west; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.

28 For wherever the carcass is, there will the eagles be gathered together.

29 Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken:

30 And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.

 

- (Rev 1:7) Behold, he comes with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they also which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. Even so, Amen.

 

 

 

6. How can we receive the forgiveness of sins?

 

As far as damnation and Heaven are concerned, also the Muslims believe in them. They believe that these places exist, and that before them there lies a doomsday when God will judge us by our actions. Then, on doomsday, the books will be opened and everyone's acts will be weighed: some will go to Heaven, while others will be forced to go to Hell - this is a description that very much resembles the description of the last judgment found in the Bible, in the Revelation:

 

- (Rev 20:12-15) And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works.

13 And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works.

14 And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death.

15 And whoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.

 

However, a good question is how can we receive the forgiveness of sins and how can we get assurance of the approval of God and that we are not going to Hell? We will try to find an answer to this below.

 

Can Muhammad act as A mediator? If you are a Muslim, you have certainly thought about the possibility that Muhammad could act as a mediator in the last judgment. Many Muslims have thought that Muhammad - as the latest prophet and the seal of the prophets - will pray for Muslims and the doors of Heaven will open for them as a result of this prayer.

   But we may, however, ask how could Muhammad act as a mediator for others? He himself was very sinful - also the Koran says that he sinned - so how could such a person help us? How could he act as a mediator for others or be our assistant in front of God's tribunal, because his life did not differ in any way from ours?

   If we take a look at the Koran in the light of the next verses, we can see his deficiency and his sins. How could he, in this light, help us?

 

Give glory to your Lord and seek His pardon. He is ever disposed to mercy. (110:3)

 

We have given you a glorious victory, so that God may forgive you your past and future sins, and perfect His goodness to you; that He may guide you to a straight path. (48:1,2)

 

…Implore Him to forgive your sins and to forgive the true believers, men and women. (47:19)

 

THE ACT OF GOD. When it is a question of getting the approval of God, we must note that we cannot achieve it through our own actions. We can only add to our debt of sin because of our imperfect daily lives. Neither can we get assurance of the approval of God because of the same imperfection; it remains to be inexperienced because we keep the foundation of salvation in our own works and only look at our imperfection. The next Bible verses talk about this:

 

- (Rom 3:23) For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God

 

- (Rom 3:9) What then? are we better than they? No, in no wise: for we have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under sin

 

- (Gal 3:22) But the scripture has concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.

 

- (John 7:19) Did not Moses give you the law, and yet none of you keeps the law?  Why go you about to kill me?

 

However, there is a solution to this problem: God has already made ready for us that which we cannot do by ourselves. He has made everything ready for us, so that we do not need to try to get His approval. Below, we will try to explain this and how it has happened.

 

God sent Jesus. Firstly, the Bible says that God sent Jesus here to save us. The initiator was and is God himself, His motive is His love towards people, because He does not want anyone to perish and go to Hell. He wants us to be saved and because of this, He sent Jesus. This is why all of us can come to His presence:

 

- (John 3:16-17) For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

17 For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved.

 

- (Rom 8:31-32) What shall we then say to these things? If God be for us, who can be against us?

32 He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things?

 

- (1 John 4:9-10) In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him.

10 Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins.

 

- (Luke 19:10) For the Son of man is come to seek and to save that which was lost.

 

The sins were put upon Him. The second issue is connected with our sins being put upon Jesus. He Himself lived a sinless (John 8:46 etc.) and perfect life, and so God could do this. These sins and wrongdoings did not stay in the scale of our actions as we might think; Jesus took them away and carried them on the cross. Jesus became the substitute for us, so that we do not need to carry our sins anymore:

 

- (Isa 53:5-12) But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was on him; and with his stripes we are healed.

6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD has laid on him the iniquity of us all.

7 He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he opens not his mouth.

8 He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken.

9 And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth.

10 Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he has put him to grief: when you shall make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.

11 He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities.

12 Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he has poured out his soul to death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

 

- (1 John 3:5) And you know that he was manifested to take away our sins; and in him is no sin.

 

- (John 1:29) The next day John sees Jesus coming to him, and said, Behold the Lamb of God, which takes away the sin of the world.

 

Salvation is a gift. As God has already prepared everything for us in Jesus Christ, so it is clear that we can receive salvation only in one way: as a gift and by grace. Salvation does not depend on us or our goodness, as we often may think; it is completely by grace and the gift of God that can be received immediately. If you personally want to receive salvation, there is no need for good deeds or your imperfect merits: you can receive it as a gift, immediately:

 

- (Eph 2:8) For by grace are you saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God:

9 Not of works, lest any man should boast.

 

- (Rom 3:24) Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus

 

- (Rom 6:23) For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

 

- (Luke 14:17) And sent his servant at supper time to say to them that were bidden, Come; for all things are now ready.

 

- (Rev 21:6) And he said to me, It is done. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give to him that is thirsty of the fountain of the water of life freely.

 

- (Rev 22:17) And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that hears say, Come. And let him that is thirsty come. And whoever will, let him take the water of life freely.

 

Your attitude toWARDS Jesus. We have already noted that Jesus has filled the gap between us and God and become our Mediator (Hebrews 9:15: And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that ... they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.). It is good for us to understand that we can receive salvation only through Jesus. Only by turning to Him and through Him can we have the forgiveness of sins, because He has already done everything for us. Therefore, turn to Him, so you too will receive the grace of God and the forgiveness of your sins:

 

- (John 5:40) And you will not come to me, that you might have life.

 

- (John 8:23-24) And he said to them, You are from beneath; I am from above: you are of this world; I am not of this world.

24 I said therefore to you, that you shall die in your sins: for if you believe not that I am he, you shall die in your sins.

 

- (John 14:6) Jesus said to him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man comes to the Father, but by me.

 

- (Acts 4:11-12) This is the stone which was set at nothing of you builders, which is become the head of the corner.

12 Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.

 

- (Acts 10:43) To him give all the prophets witness, that through his name whoever believes in him shall receive remission of sins.

 

- (Acts 13:38) Be it known to you therefore, men and brothers, that through this man is preached to you the forgiveness of sins

 

On the other hand, if you reject Jesus, you will also reject the forgiveness of God and also the gift of eternal life. As a matter of fact, you must then pay for your sins yourself and must reconcile your judgment in eternal damnation. This all is simply because you have turned your back on the only possibility to receive salvation and getting to God's paradise. Do not, therefore, turn your back on your only hope of salvation:

 

My friend, if you are damned, it is not because of your sins but because you have not received mercy, which God offers to you through Jesus. That is why it is fair. If you reject Jesus, what can God do? Then, you dismiss your only hope of salvation. (18)

 

The prayer of salvation. Lord, Jesus, I turn to You. I confess that I have sinned against You and have not lived according to Your will. However, I want to turn from my sins and follow You with all my heart. I also believe that my sins have been forgiven by Your atonement and I have received eternal life through You. I thank You for the salvation that You have given me. Amen.

 

 

 

 

References:

 

1. Ismaelin lapset, p. 32

2. Bilquis Sheikh: Uskalsin kutsua häntä isäksi (I Dared to Call Him Father), p. 135

3. Asko Kariluoto: Abu-Ali, Jerusalemista maan ääriin, p. 69

4. F.C. Grant: An introduction to the revised standard version of the New testament (1946), p. 42 - quote from "Raamatun juuret", F.F. Bruce, p. 266.

5. F.G. Kenyon: The Bible and archaeology (1940), p. 228 - quote from "Raamatun juuret", F.F.Bruce, p. 266.

6. F.G. Kenyon: Our Bible and the ancient manuscripts, p. 85 - quote from "Voiko Raamattukritiikkiin luottaa?", Tapio Luttinen, p. 40.

7. Lee Strobel: Tapaus Kristus (The Case for Christ), p. 132-134,136

8. Thoralf Gilbrant: Ennustukset toteutuvat (Tidens Tegn 2), p. 64,65

9. Keith N. Schoville: "Biblical Archaeology in Focus" (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Book House, 1978, p. 156)

10. Veli Henry: Muslimit ja evankeliumi, p. 40

11. Asko Kariluoto: Abu-Ali, Jerusalemista maan ääriin, p. 63,64

12.  W. Goldsack: Christ in Islam, Lontoo, CLS Intia, 1905

13. G. Mylrea ja Abd-Masih: The Holy Spirit in the Qur’an and Bible, CLS Intia, 1910. p. 34-35

14.  W. Goldsack: Christ in Islam, Lontoo, CLS Intia, 1905

15. Ishak Ibrahim: Islamin mahti (Black Gold & Holy War), p. 94

16. Ismaelin lapset, p. 63-65, 69

17. Steven Masood: Valoon, p. 69

18. Oswald J. Smith: Maa johon kaipaan, p. 89

 

  

 

More on this topic:
 

Muslims believe in the reliability of the Koran, but there have been several versions of the Koran, a few passages have changed, and it contradicts the Bible

 

From what source were the revelations Muhammad received? Were they from God or not? Why can’t the fruit of Muhammad’s life be considered good?

 

Read how there are numerous remnants of pre-Islamic idolatry in the modern Islam. Most of them are connected with the pilgrimage to Mecca

 

Jesus Christ in the Koran and Islam. The high position and deity of Jesus is revealed in numerous passages in the Koran

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jesus is the way, the truth and the life

 

 

  

 

Grap to eternal life!

 

More on this topic:
 

Muslims believe in the reliability of the Koran, but there have been several versions of the Koran, a few passages have changed, and it contradicts the Bible

 

From what source were the revelations Muhammad received? Were they from God or not? Why can’t the fruit of Muhammad’s life be considered good?

 

Read how there are numerous remnants of pre-Islamic idolatry in the modern Islam. Most of them are connected with the pilgrimage to Mecca

 

Jesus Christ in the Koran and Islam. The high position and deity of Jesus is revealed in numerous passages in the Koran